Q6: Access to Clean Water
Approximately one billion people throughout the world lack clean drinking water(UNICEF, 2013). The task of making clean drinking water more accessible to people is a major problem that the world is confronted with, and it is one that is very manageable with the proper attention. This paper looks to examine the various challenges that are faced throughout the world when it comes to clean drinking water, and to provide the reader with a general idea about how to get to the point where clean drinking water becomes a reality for people throughout the world. While providing the billion people throughout the world with access to clean drinking water is a major challenge, it is one that can be achieved with proper information sharing and dedication of funds from the developed world.
Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia provide examples of areas where making the transition from not having access to clean drinking water to an environment where access is readily provided. These areas are among the most challenged regions in the world for access to clean drinking water. One of the biggest challenged in improving the availability of clean drinking water is in the monetary cost, which governments have consistently not been willing to support. “The problem of providing clean water is most acute in developing countries, particularly in Africa, where creaking infrastructures struggle to keep pace with fast-growing urban populations’ in rural areas, millions of water pumps stand unused waiting to be repaired” (Making clean, 2013).
But while sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia receive much of the attention when it comes to the need for clean drinking water, Latin America also suffers from a deficit. For example, people from Ecuador who do not drink the water. The area is a tropical paradise, filled with pink flamingos, iguanas and various other wildlife. The locals swim in the ocean with sea lions, and the environment looks very pure, but the water is extremely contaminated. “As far as I know, there’s been no conclusive analysis of precisely what parasites, bacteria and viruses are in the water. It runs nicely through pipes into many homes and businesses. But it needs to be boiled to be safe to drink” (Treaster, 2013). Not all people have the water readily available from pipes to boil. Many others need to walk many hours to lakes and stream in order to have enough water for a few days, before they have to return to the source again. This severely disrupts the lifestyles of the people who often miss work and school so that they can walk for an entire day sometimes to retrieve as much water as they can carry, and this water is not typically safe to drink. Often, drinking the water will results in stomach illnesses, but a lack of access to clean drinking water kills two million people each year. The majority of those who die are younger than five years old (Treaster, 2013).
While the problem is already extremely severe, the issue is going to get worse, as the global population continues to increase, and this will cause people to have to share the limited amount of available drinking water. Furthermore, the high temperature that will result from climate change is anticipated to generate longer dry stretches, which will continue to pressure the amount of available water. This will limit the amount of precipitation, while increasing the amount of evaporation (Treaster, 2013).
In order to deal with the problem of a lack of drinking water, there not only needs to be more dedication from the developed nations of money. It is also important for everyone to use less water, particularly farmers. “Experts estimate that at least 70 percent of the world’s water goes to irrigate farm crops and nourish livestock. Much of that water could be saved through the use of drip irrigation, which takes water directly to the roots of plants” (Treaster, 2013). However, drip irrigation is expensive, and most farmers would need considerable government subsidies to pay for the practice. Furthermore, as the global population increases, the demand on farmers will increase much more rapidly. This is because food will be more needed now than ever, and that means the need to produce much more efficiently, and that is something the drip irrigation does not facilitate.
Q7. Site an example.
I went to an eco-village one fine summer’s evening and I saw how an eco-village could be run. It was being operated very efficiently, and couldn’t believe the amount of effort that was being made in addressing all of the ecosystem concerns, and this was being done very efficiently. It made me wonder about the ways that I could improve this area. And it also made me think about how a nation could be run based on a system like this – not one that is operated based on the capitalist system, but one that is operating based on a system where everyone is playing their part to make a better environment for everything that is involved in the space around them. This would also mean providing a way to have access to clean water.
Q8. Justice and the environment
Justice and the environment is a very important class to me because I am such a believer in the environment and I know there is a way to improve the state of our environment in a very effective way. It is important right now, in the globalized economy, to move forward in the right way. As more and more nations are developing their own economies, and as they are becoming more influenced by the global village that is taking shape around them, this is an important time to move forward in the right way.
Q9. What students need to learn about justice?
Justice should take into account everyone who is effected by a decision. This could mean that the person who is in India and not having a lot of human rights, should be given the opportunity to live a life free of suffering. And this opportunity should be given to them by the global community. The global community has a major responsibility in ensuring the happiness of everyone on this planet. And decisions should not be made based on what is good for a singular country. The good of the whole needs to be considered.
Q10. Suggestions to improve my class
I would improve my class by including a section about corporate social responsibility, which is having an ever increasing role in the outcomes of so many nations throughout the world, because of the global village that is developing around us.