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Environmental Destruction in Congo Essay Example
Posted by: Write My Essay on: January 5, 2021

Introduction

The Democratic Republic of Congo is home to some of the most exotic animals and rare vegetation. Occupied by more than 60 million, Congo is a vast stretch of land located in the Central African region (Butler, 2006). Whereas in the past, the region comprised the vegetative hub of Africa, recent times have seen an increase in deforestation which negates the lives of flora and fauna in the region. Deforestation has led to the decrease in the total forest area, seen the death and relocation of wildlife from the Congo forest, and led to the drying up of rivers that initially formed an intrinsic part of Congo’s identity.

Root Causes of Environmental Degradation

Congo constitutes the vegetative hub of the African continent. More than any other country, the region is made up of diverse flora and fauna. However, the rapid change that is taking place as a result of the expansion of human activities allows one the opportunity to assess the implications of increased interactions between flora and fauna. Furthermore, other causes of environmental degradation include constant conflict, poaching, and unregulated mining in the Congo region (Butler, 2006).

The study of the environmental degradation in Congo further allows one the opportunity to examine the influences of economic activities on the overall environmental stability. The directed dissection of the environmental failures in Congo provides an opportunity to determine the methods that can be employed to mitigate the spread of the environmental scourge on other countries in the African region to preserve the life of all the living things that depend on the forest for sustenance.

Comparison of the Current State of Environment with that of the Past

Whereas in the past, Congo was lauded as the center of national parks in the central African region, recent times have witnessed a reduction in wildlife population that was considered to be rare and exotic (Faller & Wang, 2015). This decrease was a consequence of the wanton destruction of vegetation which results from an increase in urban settlements and human conflicts in the region.

Comparison with Other Countries

Compared to other nations in Africa, the environmental degradation in Congo has seen a greater reduction in the size of the total forest area. Furthermore, the rivers in Congo, which once held freshwater, are increasingly drying up rendering such waters inaccessible to the human population (Gleick, 1993). Furthermore, climate change, from humid to increased warmth in the Congo region, is higher than is the same for other countries. Given the absence of succinct environmental policies to curtail the prevalence of the problem in the society, the destruction of the environment is more rampant in the Congo region than in any other African region.

Environmental Resources under Threat

Some of the environmental resources that are under threat in the Congo region include the forests, rivers, wildlife parks, farms and wildlife such as rhinos (Nackoney, et al., 2014). A reduction in the total area of the tropical forests leads to a reduction in the rivers which ultimately leads to the death or relocation of animals that were housed in the region. Furthermore, increased conflicts in the regions lead to the destruction of the flora.

Evidence to Show Environmental Destruction in Congo

According to Nackoney et al. (2014), deforestation constitutes a major environmental concern in the central African region. The alarming rates of the deforestation of tropical forests are projected to be a consequence of the increased human economic activities. Essentially, an increase in mining and clearing of land for agricultural purposes leads to the degradation of the environment as it kills the flora that forms an intrinsic part of these forests. Likewise, as an evidence of the environmental destruction in Congo, recent times have seen a reduction in the number of large predators. According to FAO (2011), the massive rate of fauna in the Congo region interferes with the nutrient diffusion in the region which leads to the death of the involved predators and exotic vegetation.

Discussion

Deforestation constitutes a major environmental concern in the Congo region. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2011), the rate of deforestation in the Congo region stands at 0.2%. Therefore, more than 300,000 hectares of forest land is destroyed on an annual basis. Furthermore, as an evidence of the prevalence of logging activities in the region which negate the stability of the environment, it is estimated that logging activities have increased from 4.45 million cubic meters in 1990 to 75.44 million cubic meters currently (FAO, 2011).

Such an increase translates to a significant decrease in the number of trees that are found in the forest. Likewise, Butler (2006) suggests that the reduction of the fauna that was found in the Congo region is a result of the pervasive hunting escapades undertaken by poachers. The author predicates that the Congo government, in the acknowledgment of the environmental degradation that is resulting from poaching, has repeatedly engaged policy frameworks that protect parks against invasion by poachers (Butler, 2006).

Majorly, human activities are responsible for the environmental degradation that is being observed in the Congo region (Gleick, 1993). To begin with, political conflicts in the Congo region lead to the destruction of flora. Most of the factions involved in the disputes often engage in forests which lead to the destruction of the trees and the death of many wildlife. The need to develop strategic vantage points leads to the wanton felling of trees in the Congo forest and further exposes flora to the direct gaze of impeding weather conditions. Principally, conflicts undertaken in the Congo region impede the stability of the flora.

Similarly, mining activities have seen an increase in recent years. Congo is known to be the hub of mining since it is made up of diverse mineral resources ranging from Gold to mining (Trefon, 2016). In order to access these minerals, the mining companies are often compelled to drill the ground and dig large holes which impede the stability of the soil structure. In order to access the mineral-rich areas, the mining companies are also forced to clear the bushes around the regions which significantly erodes the soil. After the completion of the mining activities, it is a common phenomenon that the mining companies overlook the need to engage reforestation initiatives in order to curtail further degradation of the soil.

Human settlement expansion is also one of the leading causes of environmental destruction in the Congo region. Essentially, when individuals wish to establish permanent residences in new regions within the forests, they often clear the surrounding land which leads to the felling of many trees and the destruction of the flora that is available in the subject community (Gleick, 1993). An increase in population occasioned by stability in the political environment significantly led to the increase in settlements which in turn led to a reduction in the flora available in the community.

Similarly, developmental projects are responsible for the increase in the degradation of the environment. An expansion of road networks conducted in recent times led to an increase in the number of trees and flora which were cleared to pave the way for the new infrastructure. The expansion of the industries further necessitates the need to create land which in turn impedes the environment. An increase in urban settlements as a consequence of the improved road networks further instigates an increase in the demand for wood in the form of charcoal. The demand for charcoal has seen a tripled increase between 1990 and 2016 (FAO, 2011). Furthermore, the need for wildlife meat leads to an increase in hunting escapades which result in a reduction of game available in the forests.

The victims of environmental destruction in the Congo region constitute the poor in the Congo society. The average Congolese is forced to contend with the environmental implications that result from mining (Nackoney, et al., 2014). When mining takes place in a given region, residents are often compelled to seek new settlements to pave the way for the drilling initiatives. Furthermore, they are further forced to contend with an increase in air pollution which results from the fumes that are released into the air when mining is conducted.

Environmental destruction further affects the administrative body of Congo. The government of Congo is tasked with the duty of protecting the interests of its majority citizens. Poaching and uncontrollable mining negate this desire. In the end, it is compelled to bear liability for all the activities that are undertaken by unscrupulous businessmen whose main aims are to promote their economic standings. Businesspeople in the region are also affected by environmental destructions since they cannot oversee their productive roles effectively given the limitations imposed on them by the government with the intent of mitigating environmental destruction (Trefon, 2016).

In order to minimize the rates of environmental destruction, the Congo government has often made it a priority to establish policies that protect flora and fauna. For instance, in 2002, the administrative body, in recognition of the increase in wanton logging activities in the forest, issued a caveat on the distribution of the logging concessions (Faller & Wang, 2015). Given that this decree was largely flouted, the World Bank extended the country a $90 million grant to enable the material empowerment of the forces that were tasked with the duty of enforcing the decree (Faller & Wang, 2015).

Other than this initiative, Congo joined a group of countries in 2005 which were aligned towards the protection of tropical forests in their regions. These countries sought funds from developed countries to enable them to oversee the environmental protection initiative. The majority of these countries, including Congo, won such grants after clearly documenting what they were meant for. Lastly, the government has often partnered with concerned NGOs to streamline the protection of endangered species against poaching by creating reserves that are inaccessible to the human population.

The policy initiatives engaged by the government do not fully address the destruction of the environment. For instance, the logging concessions in 2002, given the inability to enforce them, led to their abuse by businesspeople and logging companies (Butler, 2006). Furthermore, the policy initiatives do not emphasize the need for transparency which instigates rebellion within the business world. Thus, environment destruction comprises one of the major challenges that face the Congolese people. It is projected that environmental destruction may continue to increase in the region given the ineffectiveness of the policies that are established by the government.

So far, the policy solutions have proven to be futile since environmental destruction continues to beleaguer the people of Congo. There is a need for the government to collude with internal and international stakeholders to determine measures that will be taken against individuals found guilty of breaching the policies set forth by the government given the need to protect the environment (Trefon, 2016). There is a need for increasingly interventionist measures to curtail the propagation of environmental degradation in Congo.

Conclusion

            Environmental destruction constitutes one of the major challenges facing the Democratic Republic of Congo. Recent times have seen an increase in deforestation and air pollution which impede the health sustainability of the people of the Congo. Some of the consequences of environmental destruction include a reduction in the size of land that is occupied by tropical forests. Water levels have also reduced given the drying up of rivers which initially run throughout the year. The Congo setting serves to document the changes that occur on flora and fauna given the increased human activities in regions which were previously inhabited. From its environmental challenges, countries can be able to establish ways by which they can cushion themselves against environmental destruction.

Still, compared to other African countries, Congo can be said to be more effective in curtailing the spread of environmental destruction. The country has been able to retain the majority of the vegetation that is available to it despite the increase in population. Unregulated mining constitutes one of the major environmental challenges in the region. Mining activities take up large tracts of land which curtails the growth of flora and thus environmental destruction. On the other hand, the development of road infrastructure has increasingly led to the felling of trees and the clearing of bushes which interferes with the nutritious circle in the forests and leads to the death of vegetation.

Recommendations

To curtail the prevalence of environmental destruction in the Congo region, there is a need for the engagement of the following measures and initiatives:

  • Documentation of the policies addressing the destruction of the environment in the constitution to discourages malpractices.
  • Seizing of the resources available to mining companies should they be found guilty of breaching the tacit agreement with the government with regards to environmental destruction.
  • Increased engagement of non-governmental organizations in the mitigation of environmental destruction.
  • Establish a force that is solely tasked with the duty of protecting the environmental interests of the people of the Congo.
  • Creation of reserve settlements to house animals on the brink of extinction.
  • The marking of regions in the Congo forest that comprise some of the important resource points of the country.

 

References

Butler, R. A. (2006, January 9). Diversities of Image-Rainforest Biodiversity. Retrieved from Mongabay: http://www.rainforests.mongabay.com/20zaire.htm

Faller, K. S., & Wang, P. Y. (2015). The major environmental problems in Congo Brazzaville: Case of Brazzaville. Journal of Finance and Accounting, 3(1), 1-7.

FAO. (2011). The State of Forests in the Amazon Basin and Southeast Asia. Brazzaville, Republic of Congo: FAO.

Gleick, P. (1993). Water in crisis: A guide to the World’s Freshwater Resources. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nackoney, J., Molinario, G., Potapov, P., Turubanova, S., Hansen, M. C., & Furuichi, T. (2014). Impacts of civil conflict on primary forest habitat in northern Democratic Republic of Congo, 1990-2010. Elsevier, 1-8.

Trefon, T. (2016). Congo’s Environmental Paradox: Potential and Predation in a Land of Plenty (African Arguments). London: Zed Books.

Ethics in the Workplace Essay Example
Posted by: Write My Essay on: January 2, 2021

Erica works as an IT office at a hospital and is responsible for ensuring that all the systems are up and running. Her job at the department is important since she is there to make sure that everything is up and running smoothly. This ensures that both the staff and the patients are well served. One day, however, Erica claimed that she had to leave to somewhere else where she had to help someone – to fix a system failure that would lead to massive losses. She, therefore, lied to Nancy, her colleague; so that her superiors would not find out that she had left.

 

Erica was, however, very important in the department. She was the only reliable person who could ensure that the systems were up and running. If the systems ever went down, there would be chaos and there would be a lot of inconvenience in all the departments. Thus, she knew that her superiors wanted her to be present at all instances. Nancy, therefore, only told her superiors what Erica had told her; that she had an emergency. Erica and Nancy, however, knew that the system rarely fails, and that there was little to no chance that her actions would negatively impact the hospital. Luckily, the system never failed, and everything ran smoothly. Furthermore, she was able to prevent massive data loss from the other system.

The Ethical Dilemma

The ethical dilemma here is whether or not it was ethical for Erica to leave her regular work knowing the risks involved if she was not around. The system failure would have caused files to be inaccessible and the hospital to run very chaotically if a mess would not have been fixed soon. However, she also knew that rarely did it happen, and she desperately needed to fix a system failure somewhere else. Also, since the other company had contacted her, she was the only personnel that they knew who had the required expertise to fix their system – otherwise, they would have contacted somebody else instead. Thus, somehow, if the other system went terribly wrong she was to blame for the mess because she had the required expertise but declined not to help.

Analyzing this from the Utilitarian perspective, the ethical choice was to take the action that had the best utility. On one hand, she had a system failure. On the other hand, there was one that had already failed but was not part of her job. Her actions were ethical since, in the end, there was no one that was hurt, nor was there any loss. Her estimations of a possible system failure at the hospital were correct. Additionally, her lie to her colleagues can also be considered ethical since it was an action important in achieving the objective. Utilitarianism means that an action can only be ethical if it brings pleasure to most people (Muglan, 2014). In this case, the person at risk was Erica, who could have lost her job. Her unhappiness was not important since there were more people that would have suffered if the system failure was not fixed.

The Deontological Perspective

From the deontological perspective, her actions were unethical. For an action to be considered moral from Kantian ethics, no person should be used as a means to an end (Stern, 2015). One of the unethical actions includes lying to someone. Erica, in this case, decided to lie to Nancy in order to achieve her objective. The action in this case is lying. No one likes being lied to and therefore, can be considered unethical. Despite the outcome, the end does not justify the means.

From the scenario, one learns that morality depends on one’s perspective. Different ethical theories define moral standards differently. In this case, the utilitarian theory classifies this as moral while the deontological perspective considers this as an immoral action. However, the analyses of both perspectives are considered to be correct based on their underlying principle.

Reference

Muglan, T. (2014). Understanding Utilitarianism. New Jersey: Routledge.

Stern, R. (2015). Kantian Etihics: Value, Aegency and Obligation. London: Oxford University Press.

 

Suicide in LGBT Youth – Action Plan Essay Example
Posted by: Write My Essay on: January 1, 2021

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth are a vulnerable population that often face criticisms both within and outside their homes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, LGBT youth are more than two times more likely to contemplate or attempt suicide, when compared to their heterosexual peers (CDC, 2017). This likely stems from other issues they face throughout their lives. In fact, according to a study conducted from 2001 until 2009 across the United States, 12-18% of LGBT students had been threatened or assaulted with a weapon, 18-29% had experienced dating violence within the past 12 months, and 14-32% had been sexually assaulted. To combat these issues, an action plan revolving around peer encouragement and understanding has been created. This plan will focus on helping youth understand the issues faced by their LGBT peers from a young age, to create more liberal and open-minded youth as they grow up. Through this, all youth will begin to accept the differences and similarities between themselves and their LGBT peers, and will promote it and discourage discrimination within their own lives. One of the key segments of this action plan relies on the psychological theory of Connectivism, how people can learn and share across the Internet (Siemens, 2005). We hope that by teaching segments of youth about the importance of discouraging bullying and discrimination, that this will translate into their online worlds as well.

Key Theory

Another key theory is the pedagogical approach of Multiliteracies, or making learning more inclusive of people’s different cultural backgrounds, sexual orientation, or racial differences (The New London Group, 1996). The use of this psychological learning theory will help teachers to better prepare their students for successful and accepting lives in the real world. The final psychological theory to be utilized is Social Learning Theory, or the theory that individuals learn through watching others, imitating them, and modeling those behaviours (Bandura, 1977). If we demonstrate to our youth that we accept and understand our LGBT peers, then they are more likely to do the same, and vice versa. This action plan aligns with the ethical guidelines of Education and Training that psychologists must meet when teaching or designing programs. This means that the action plan is designed to ensure the appropriate knowledge and experiences are drawn from (Standard 7.01), that the course syllabi are accurate (Standard 7.03), and that students will not have to disclose any personal details in their learning experiences (Standard 7.04). Through utilizing this plan and the accompanied theories, we can stop the issue of the high LGBT suicide rate by going to the root of the problem: bullying and discrimination. In making these behaviours unacceptable early on, this will translate to a greater variety of people becoming LGBT allies, and stopping others from committing discriminating behaviours. In turn, this will help decrease the LGBT suicide rate in youth, and help them become more well-adjusted and accomplished individuals.

 

References

Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Press.

CDC. (2017, March 9). LGBT Youth. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/lgbthealth/youth.htm

Haas, A. P., Eliason, M., Mays, V. M., Mathy, R. M., & D’Augelli, A. R. (2011, January 4). Suicide and Suicide Risk in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations: Review and Recommendations. Retrieved from NCBI: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3662085/

OK.Gov. (2014). Suicide in America. Retrieved from OK.Gov: https://www.ok.gov/odmhsas/documents/suicide%20infographic.pdf

Rodriguez, L., & Gatlin, D. (2014, July 21). New Study: LGBT Youth More Likely than Heterosexual Youth to Attempt Suicide – See more at: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/press/press-releases/21-july-2014/#sthash.G65NQHi5.dpuf. Retrieved from The Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law: https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/press/press-releases/21-july-2014/

Siemens, G. (2005). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning, 3-10. Retrieved from Learning Theories: https://www.learning-theories.com/connectivism-siemens-downes.html

The New London Group. (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard educational review, 60-93.

Youth.Gov. (2017). Behavioral Health. Retrieved from Youth.Gov: http://youth.gov/youth-topics/lgbtq-youth/health-depression-and-suicide

 

 

Research paper Vs Essays
Posted by: Write My Essay on: September 1, 2020

Albeit these are the two most common types of academic assignments in high-school and college, there are some misconceptions regarding their differences. The research paper Vs essay complication is quite popular because both share commonalities yet differ in many aspects. While you look for a reputable research paper writing service, make sure you have clarity about what it is you really want.

It’s crucial to understand their differences because some types of essays resemble research papers quite closely, such as informative essays. In addition, it also requires profound subject knowledge and the ability to formulate opinions and present contrasting views on the topic. (more…)

5 Top Qualities of a Legit Writing Service
Posted by: Write My Essay on: September 1, 2020

A specific piece of writing may become extraordinarily crucial someday, to make or break your future plans. This leads us to find services such as ‘write my essay for me cheap,’ but that can turn up a plethora of options, creating further complications and difficulty in shortlisting the legit ones. Creating an essay is a tall order, especially when there’s a lot at stake, making your choice more critical than ever. So how can you assess if a writing service is a perfect fit for you?

There are certain aspects and traits that set the great writing services apart from the mediocre ones. Check these for these qualities, and if most of them are missing, run as fast as you can! (more…)

Tips for Organizing an Essay
Posted by: Write My Essay on: September 1, 2020

The ideal time to contemplate how to organize your essay is during the prewriting stage, not the writing nor the proofreading phase. A comprehensively thought-out plan can save you hours of time spent in reorganizing when the first draft is completed. Moreover, it will allow you to focus on the issues that lie in the details when you sit to write your paper. A best paper writing service will attest to the fact that gathering and organizing all thoughts before starting to write brings expected results. (more…)

7 Features of a Great Grant Proposal
Posted by: Write My Essay on: September 1, 2020

Writing a grant proposal is an exciting prospect, even though it carries a lot of pressure, and there’s much at stake. You would be required to do valuable research or have a specific non-profit organization to establish or develop a community resource you’re passionate about. In order to successfully get funding for your project, you need to put together an impeccable proposal where a cheap essay writing service could be utilized. (more…)

Does A Personal Statement Impact Your College Application?
Posted by: Write My Essay on: September 1, 2020

Many colleges ask for a personal statement as a common practice, in addition to standardized test scores and transcripts. This personal statement is often the most difficult part of the application because it’s open-ended, and that increases the likelihood of digressing. Once you have chosen a niche, a professional ‘writing my essay‘ service could make your life a whole lot easier. Professionals have insider knowledge about what the college admissions look for and can do an impressive job that would bring you returns for the rest of your life. (more…)

Kelecton Case Analysis Essay Example
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 26, 2020

Kelecton Case analysis

 

 

Abstract

Many organizations face challenges that relate to employee dissatisfaction. These challenges can negatively affect the performance of an organization. As a result, it is important to carefully manage employee expectations in a way that is transparent and understandable to all parties. Issue relating to pay, performance, promotions and working environments are very sensitive and should be treated with great concern.  The information technology (IT) sector is inundated with many small companies that have to operate within a business environment characterized by intense competition and high employee turnover. Although such smaller organizations face a number of challenges, they must carefully manage their human resources in order to succeed in the market. The survey results from Kelecton indicate that while many employees are satisfied with the job environment and working conditions, there are still many concerns relating to promotions, learning and working environments. These concerns should, therefore, be addressed through changes in systems, processes and policies. (more…)

I Have a Dream
Posted by: Write My Essay on: August 20, 2020

I Have a Dream

We judge people by the ambition of their dreams, the purpose of their efforts, the extent of their wisdom, and their contribution to humanity. No amount of money can replace how much wisdom you learn by reading books and accumulating knowledge. I learned this later in life after making numerous mistakes that have led me to where I am. At 29, and as a successful businessman who has contributed major strokes of success regarding taxes, employment, and income to my home country, you would think that life is easy and rosy. Unfortunately, I feel like the society requires more from me. With this at the back of mind, I was determined to be the best version of myself, and this led me back to Houston Community College to finish up on my studies. (more…)