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ESSAY WRITING SERVICE SAMPLE: DHS HISTORY DEVELOPMENT AND ACRONYMS

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The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is an agency of the US federal government responsible for public security. DHS is primarily concerned with border security, immigration and customs, antiterrorism, disaster management and prevention, and cybersecurity (Ruffin, 2005). The Department of Defense (DoD) is mostly concerned with military undertakings abroad while DHS works within and outside US borders (Ruffin, 2005). The major objective of DHS is to prevent, prepare for and respond appropriately to domestic emergencies such as terrorism and disasters. The department is roughly equated with the departments of interior or home affairs in other countries. According to Streissguth (2012), the DHS was formed in response to the September 11 attacks. After the attacks, President Bush established the Office of Homeland Security (OHS) and mandated it to coordinate security efforts in the country. Streissguth (2012) further writes that the President appointed Tom Ridge, the former Pennsylvania governor to head OHS. DSH was officially established on November 25, 2000, after the enactment of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Streissguth, 2012). The department was intended to consolidate all executive organizations concerned with homeland security into a single agency. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In 2003, DHS assumed the duties of Immigration and Naturalization Service and absorbed it (Streissguth, 2012). Two new agencies were created under DHS to work on enforcement and services: Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Intelligence and investigation were brought under Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) (Ruffin, 2005). All the earlier border enforcement functions were consolidated under a new agency renamed US Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Other major agencies under DHS include Transport and Security Administration (TSA), United States Coast Guard (USCG), United States Secret Service (USSS) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) (Streissguth, 2012). DHS developed the National Incident Management System (NIMS) as a standard approach to respond to incidents in the country. This approach was established to coordinate all responders to an incident. NIMS is based on the Incident Command System (ICS), the Multiagency Coordination System and the Public Information System. The ICS was initially developed in California to respond the menace of wildfires but was later adopted into the NIMS (Streissguth, 2012).
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To better facilitate response to disasters and emergencies, DHS developed the National Response Framework (NRF) to guide all levels of the department in preparing and responding to different situations. The NRF was the successor to the (National Response Plan NRP). DHS is, therefore, part of the Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE) which refers to the broader range of departments, agencies, organizations and partnerships that work towards ensuring the security of the US (Streissguth, 2012). The DHS conducts a quadrennial review known as the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) to track its operations, gauge progress, and set new goals. With the challenges of terror, the Department established the National Terrorism Advisory System (NTAS) to provide alerts and bulletins on matters of terror. At the formation of the DHS, there were controversies on whether the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) should be incorporated into the department. However, they were not incorporated into the DHS (Streissguth, 2012).

Through restructurings over the years, new units have been created or incorporated into the DHS. The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) designs and develops strategies to detect nuclear threats across the country (Streissguth, 2012). The Directorate for Management is charged with administrative functions of the DHS including budgets, performance monitoring, and human resources management.
Streissguth (2012) observes that although DHS officially started its operations in January 2003, it took a few months before all the different agencies were incorporated within the department. Ridge resigned from the department in November 2004 after President Bush was reelected. The President then nominated Bernard Kerik to succeed him. Kerik had previously served as the head of New York Police Department. However, Kerik declined the nomination citing personal reasons. President Bush then nominated federal Judge Michael Chertoff, and the Senate confirmed him (Streissguth, 2012).

Today, DHS is the third largest cabinet division in the US federal government after Defense and Veterans Affairs. The department employs over 240,000 employees across its many directorates (Homeland Security, n.d.). Much of Homeland Security is coordinated from the White House through the Homeland Security Council (HSC). The creation of the DHS was therefore out of a necessity to coordinate all aspects relating to the internal affairs of the country. Previously, coordinating the several departments charged with homeland security was often difficult since they fell under different cabinet departments.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

References
Homeland Security. (n.d.). About DHS.

Ruffin, D. (2005). The duties and responsibilities of the Secretary of Homeland Security. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group.

Streissguth, T. (2012). The security agencies of the United States: How the CIA, FBI, NSA, and Homeland Security keep us safe. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers.

WRITE MY ESSAY SAMPLE: ETHICS AND PROFESSIONALISM

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Ethics is a moral approach to understanding, evaluating, and differentiating matters relating to the well-being and relationships of people encountered in everyday life. Ethics is a process and not a static condition, as those who practice it must have beliefs and assertions that are consistently supported by sound reasoning. Evaluations based on ethics require a balance of emotion and reason because the position taken must be justifiable through logical argument (Butts & Rich, 2005). There are three categories which define the standards of ethical practice; ethical universalism under which it is assumed that the definition of right and wrong is the same across all cultures and societies (Scott, 2014). Ethical relativism under which the distinction between right from wrong varies depending on some factors, which has the risk of unethical behavior being misconstrued as ethical for the mere reason that the environment dictates that particular action at that time. Also, the integrative social contracts theory under which ethical practice is guided by a combination of universal principles and the prevailing circumstances that may have an impact on the decision to be taken. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Ethical people display the following characteristics; they are highly aware of the values they are meant to portray, they are accountable for their actions, they demonstrate exemplary behavior against which their peers can be compared (Scott, 2014). Their decisions are rational and logical and are arrived at after critical thinking and most importantly they are self-driven, they do not require the existence of laws or supervision to act accordingly.

The ethical practice has numerous advantages be it in business, public service or regular day to day activities. A strict code of ethics serves as a guide in situations where the right course of action is not immediately apparent, in both personal and business decisions. Ethical practices build clients’ confidence in the service or brand offered by a person or firm by building their trust. A code of ethics eliminates the necessity for laws and regulations; self-driven individuals know what is expected of them. Such a code also provides a standard against which the actions of employees can be measured, and in cases of unethical behavior, necessary corrective action can be taken.  Most of all, the practice of ethics preserves the dignity of people one interacts with by ensuring they are treated well and not taken advantage of (Josephson, 2016).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

An example of a scenario that demands ethical practice in the workplace is that of a young employee working as an assistant for a local health clinic. Among her duties are filing, running errands, and typing correspondence and initiating orders when supplies run low. One vendor, however persistently calls to ask whether they need supplies, and the young employee ends up ordering from him if supplies are low. This vendor also sends the employee gifts once in a while, thanking her for the business. One particular day, the vendor calls to ask whether he should bring supplies but is informed that the clinic is not low on supplies. He then threatens the employee with dire consequences if she does not make an order as they had entered a contract, later promising her of a gift upon receipt of the decree. The scenario described presents an ethical dilemma for the young employee. Ethics dictate that the employee should not accept gifts from business partners that will influence her judgment, considering she has more than one vendor to choose from (Scott, 2014). Her choice of vendors must be based on the best price for the clinic and not personal gifts. The best course of action in this scenario would be to consult senior management on the issue.

Professionalism has been defined as the strategies used by members of a profession to achieve improved status, salary, and their existing conditions. Professionalism seeks to enhance the quality of service (Evans, 2008). Professionalism is displayed through characteristics such as; possession of adequate knowledge regarding the profession, appropriate assessment of client needs, and following proper response. Maintenance of continuous education on matters regarding the chosen profession and working professional relationships with peers.

Professionalism is advantageous in that it enables the establishment of necessary boundaries. While socialization is important among employees and between employees and management, there has to be a limit to these interactions so that work gets done and the relationships at the workplace do not go overboard. Professionalism also encourages improvement; employees who dress and carry out all activities professionally not only create an appropriate work environment but are also highly motivated toward better performance. Management that is done professionally maintains accountability as all employees are required to follow policies and procedures, including senior staff in leadership roles. In cases of process oriented businesses, professionalism means the seamless flow of processes, with coordination from various departments. It also allows for efficient use of resources to achieve maximum possible output. Professionalism also promotes respect for authority figures and minimizes conflict by reducing inappropriate personal conversation and gossip (Scott, 2014).

Some scenarios where the concept of professionalism is addressed are: during meetings, the conduct, and an employee regarding timeliness, dressing, presentation in the case of a presentation to management and being respectful in addressing superiors must depict professionalism. On phone calls with clients, professionalism is exhibited in an employee answering with enthusiasm, introducing themselves adequately and always returning any missed calls within 24 hours. In an email, communication must be brief and addressed to relevant recipients. Regarding dress and appearance, professionalism is exhibited in taking care of their appearance as a sign of respect to the profession. Most of all, professionalism displayed in social functions through timely arrival, carrying formal identification, carry out due diligence of those in attendance to address them by their proper titles instead of referring to them disrespectfully ensures that an employee has a continuous working relationship with his peers in the profession.

A scenario in which professionalism is called into the question is that of a manager who witnesses one of the longest serving employees regularly shows up late, takes long lunch hour breaks than is required and is often the first to leave the office before the end of office hours. While most employees committed such misdemeanors, this specific employee had made this a habit. To add on to this, his past performance reviews had no indication of performance issues, and he is a well-liked employee with vast knowledge on the history of the company. What is the manager to do? He has the option of discussing the issue with the office as a whole to remind everyone of required operating hours or addressing the issue directly with Tom, expressing his concerns and giving a clear picture of future expectations. This would be the best display of professionalism as it would ensure there is no favoritism and maximum efficiency of labor in the organization.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Ethics and Professionalism are different in their definitions; while ethics refers to the guidelines that specify what one can and cannot do in a specific occupation, professionalism refers to the individual traits that are expected in the practice of a certain profession. The two concepts are similar in the sense that a professional who exhibits ethical behavior becomes valuable in an organization and benefits regarding salary increases, promotions, new opportunities and a good relationship with their co-workers. The two are also synonymous with an individual who is passionate about their chosen career and does not need material motivation while doing their job.

References
Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2005).Nursing Ethics: Across the curriculum and into practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Evans, L. (2008). PROFESSIONALISM, PROFESSIONALITY AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS. British Journal of Educational Studies56(1), 20-38.

Josephson, M. (n.d.).Ten Benefits of Having an Ethics Code – Exemplary Business Ethics & Leadership.

Scott, S. (n.d.). The Importance of Professionalism in Business | Chron.com.

Write My Essay Sample: Ethics and Professionalism

Ethics is a moral approach to understanding, evaluating, and differentiating matters relating to the well-being and relationships of people encountered in everyday life. Ethics is a process and not a static condition, as those who practice it must have beliefs and assertions that are consistently supported by sound reasoning. Evaluations based on ethics require a balance of emotion and reason because the position taken must be justifiable through logical argument (Butts & Rich, 2005). There are three categories which define the standards of ethical practice; ethical universalism under which it is assumed that the definition of right and wrong is the same across all cultures and societies (Scott, 2014). Ethical relativism under which the distinction between right from wrong varies depending on some factors, which has the risk of unethical behavior being misconstrued as ethical for the mere reason that the environment dictates that particular action at that time. Also, the integrative social contracts theory under which ethical practice is guided by a combination of universal principles and the prevailing circumstances that may have an impact on the decision to be taken. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Ethical people display the following characteristics; they are highly aware of the values they are meant to portray, they are accountable for their actions, they demonstrate exemplary behavior against which their peers can be compared (Scott, 2014). Their decisions are rational and logical and are arrived at after critical thinking and most importantly they are self-driven, they do not require the existence of laws or supervision to act accordingly.

The ethical practice has numerous advantages be it in business, public service or regular day to day activities. A strict code of ethics serves as a guide in situations where the right course of action is not immediately apparent, in both personal and business decisions. Ethical practices build clients’ confidence in the service or brand offered by a person or firm by building their trust. A code of ethics eliminates the necessity for laws and regulations; self-driven individuals know what is expected of them. Such a code also provides a standard against which the actions of employees can be measured, and in cases of unethical behavior, necessary corrective action can be taken.  Most of all, the practice of ethics preserves the dignity of people one interacts with by ensuring they are treated well and not taken advantage of (Josephson, 2016).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

An example of a scenario that demands ethical practice in the workplace is that of a young employee working as an assistant for a local health clinic. Among her duties are filing, running errands, and typing correspondence and initiating orders when supplies run low. One vendor, however persistently calls to ask whether they need supplies, and the young employee ends up ordering from him if supplies are low. This vendor also sends the employee gifts once in a while, thanking her for the business. One particular day, the vendor calls to ask whether he should bring supplies but is informed that the clinic is not low on supplies. He then threatens the employee with dire consequences if she does not make an order as they had entered a contract, later promising her of a gift upon receipt of the decree. The scenario described presents an ethical dilemma for the young employee. Ethics dictate that the employee should not accept gifts from business partners that will influence her judgment, considering she has more than one vendor to choose from (Scott, 2014). Her choice of vendors must be based on the best price for the clinic and not personal gifts. The best course of action in this scenario would be to consult senior management on the issue.

Professionalism has been defined as the strategies used by members of a profession to achieve improved status, salary, and their existing conditions. Professionalism seeks to enhance the quality of service (Evans, 2008). Professionalism is displayed through characteristics such as; possession of adequate knowledge regarding the profession, appropriate assessment of client needs, and following proper response. Maintenance of continuous education on matters regarding the chosen profession and working professional relationships with peers.

Professionalism is advantageous in that it enables the establishment of necessary boundaries. While socialization is important among employees and between employees and management, there has to be a limit to these interactions so that work gets done and the relationships at the workplace do not go overboard. Professionalism also encourages improvement; employees who dress and carry out all activities professionally not only create an appropriate work environment but are also highly motivated toward better performance. Management that is done professionally maintains accountability as all employees are required to follow policies and procedures, including senior staff in leadership roles. In cases of process oriented businesses, professionalism means the seamless flow of processes, with coordination from various departments. It also allows for efficient use of resources to achieve maximum possible output. Professionalism also promotes respect for authority figures and minimizes conflict by reducing inappropriate personal conversation and gossip (Scott, 2014).

Some scenarios where the concept of professionalism is addressed are: during meetings, the conduct, and an employee regarding timeliness, dressing, presentation in the case of a presentation to management and being respectful in addressing superiors must depict professionalism. On phone calls with clients, professionalism is exhibited in an employee answering with enthusiasm, introducing themselves adequately and always returning any missed calls within 24 hours. In an email, communication must be brief and addressed to relevant recipients. Regarding dress and appearance, professionalism is exhibited in taking care of their appearance as a sign of respect to the profession. Most of all, professionalism displayed in social functions through timely arrival, carrying formal identification, carry out due diligence of those in attendance to address them by their proper titles instead of referring to them disrespectfully ensures that an employee has a continuous working relationship with his peers in the profession.

A scenario in which professionalism is called into the question is that of a manager who witnesses one of the longest serving employees regularly shows up late, takes long lunch hour breaks than is required and is often the first to leave the office before the end of office hours. While most employees committed such misdemeanors, this specific employee had made this a habit. To add on to this, his past performance reviews had no indication of performance issues, and he is a well-liked employee with vast knowledge on the history of the company. What is the manager to do? He has the option of discussing the issue with the office as a whole to remind everyone of required operating hours or addressing the issue directly with Tom, expressing his concerns and giving a clear picture of future expectations. This would be the best display of professionalism as it would ensure there is no favoritism and maximum efficiency of labor in the organization.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Ethics and Professionalism are different in their definitions; while ethics refers to the guidelines that specify what one can and cannot do in a specific occupation, professionalism refers to the individual traits that are expected in the practice of a certain profession. The two concepts are similar in the sense that a professional who exhibits ethical behavior becomes valuable in an organization and benefits regarding salary increases, promotions, new opportunities and a good relationship with their co-workers. The two are also synonymous with an individual who is passionate about their chosen career and does not need material motivation while doing their job.

References
Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2005).Nursing Ethics: Across the curriculum and into practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

Evans, L. (2008). PROFESSIONALISM, PROFESSIONALITY AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS. British Journal of Educational Studies56(1), 20-38.

Josephson, M. (n.d.).Ten Benefits of Having an Ethics Code – Exemplary Business Ethics & Leadership.

Scott, S. (n.d.). The Importance of Professionalism in Business | Chron.com.

ESSAY WRITING SERVICE SAMPLE: LITERARY ANALYSIS HANA’S SUITCASE

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The issue of prejudice in the Paper Bag Princess and Hana’s Suitcase.
Prejudice is defined as an irrational, incorrect and unjustified attitude or opinion towards an individual simply based on their social inclusion or exclusion from a group. It is also known as discrimination and takes many forms. The subject of prejudice is often addressed in children’s literature through the use of stereotypes that may seem ‘normal’ to society and thus acceptable to young minds. The subjects of this literary analysis are Princess Elizabeth from The Paper Bag Princess by Robert Munsch and Hana from Hana’s Suitcase by Karen Levine.

The first form of discrimination portrayed in both these books is gender discrimination. Levine tells the true life story of Hana, a young Jewish girl born in Czechoslovakia in Europe. Hana lives an ordinary life with her family up until the Holocaust. When Czechoslovakia was invaded by the German army in March 1939, Hana’s life takes on a downward spiral as her mother and father are taken away by the Gestapo, and she is left with her brother George. Being taken in by her aunt gives no relief as she is later deported along with her brother and taken to a warehouse. Hana’s tribulations are made much worse when upon arrival at Theresienstadt, she is separated from her brother and taken to a girls’ camp. While her brother is later transferred to the East where he ends up working, Hana, being a girl of her age, is taken to the gas chambers immediately upon arrival at Auschwitz, where she meets her death. Levine not only portrays Hana as a helpless female in a bad time in history but also tells a heartbreaking story using irony by describing Hana’s excitement. Once she learned that she was going to the east and having hope that she would meet her brother only for her to end up dead, being no use to the Nazi’s like a girl of that age.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Princess Elizabeth, on the other hand, starts off as a typical princess as is in most fairy tales. She lives happily in her castle, dreaming of marrying her prince charming, Prince Ronald. This is as far as Munsch goes regarding the stereotypical female role. When the dragon swoops down and burns everything in the castle including the princess’ dress and kidnaps the prince, Princess Elizabeth dons a paper bag and goes out to save her fiancé. Unlike traditional tales, the girl in this story is the heroine and not the damsel in distress.She seems fearless and courageous and goes out to save her Prince. Munsch brings out the witty side of the princess who outsmarts the dragon by challenging him to perform various tasks which include flying around the world and to burn the forest with fire, to which the Dragon readily agrees, “Oh, yes, said the dragon and he took a huge, deep breath and breathed out so much fire that he burnt up fifty forests” (Levin, 2003)

The dragon tires after these exertions, allowing the Princess to save her fiancé. The Prince, however, is not impressed by Princess Elizabeth’s appearance and refuses her help. “Elizabeth you are a mess. You have no shoes! You are wearing a paper bag. Come back and rescue me when you are dressed like a real princess.”(Munsch & Martchenko16) This twist that is rare for traditional fairy tales gives way to Munsch’s further advancement of his feminist agenda, as he portrays Princess Elizabeth as a strong minded independent girl. She walks away alone into the sunset, still in her paper bag, showing that despite common belief, women can be happy without a man.

The second form of discrimination regards social status. In Levine’s narration of Hana’s story, Jews are portrayed as those of a lower social standing. The Nazis viewed Jews as their inferiors, and once they invaded Czechoslovakia, Jews faced a lot of suffering at the hands of the Gestapo. Hana’s mother is arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned at Ravensbrück concentration camp in Germany, and her father was also picked up by the Gestapo a short while later, leaving her and her brother, George, alone. Hana was at a loss when she was not allowed to progress to the third grade, could not play in parks keep pets or go outside after a certain time. She was not authorized to go to the movies and was forced to wear a yellow star with the word “Jude” written on it so that everyone would know that she was a Jew. She could not comprehend why it was so wrong to be a Jew. “…Hana went outside less often. She hated the star. It was humiliating. It was so embarrassing.” (Levine 38) When they were eventually deported, Hana spends her 11th birthday in a full, dirty warehouse with many other Jews who were waiting to be sent to the resienstadt. For such young children, this must have been a traumatizing experience, only for the sole reason that they were Jews and therefore inferior. Levine uses hyperbole to describe the appalling conditions Hana faced when she narrates how she gave her brother George the only doughnut she received every week instead of eating it herself and how their grandmother died within three months of arrival at Theresienstadt while living in squalid conditions. It seems highly irrational that human beings would have to suffer such a fate simply because of their social standing or difference in belief.

This theme of discrimination based on social class, otherwise called classism is highlighted in Munsch’s work as well. Despite Princess Elizabeth’s best effort to save the prince from harm at the dragon’s lair, the mere fact that she is wearing a paper bag causes the prince to reject her help. Munsch portrayal of the prince as snobby and uninterested shows the most common characteristic of high-born people who often discriminate against ordinary citizens. The Prince’s character is exaggerated when he prefers the danger of being held by a dragon that can burn fifty forests to being saved by a princess in a paper bag. Munsch uses an elitist tone in the Prince’s response to the Princess, which further shows the selfish character. The Prince obviously has no regard for those who seem to be of a lower standing.

The prejudice against strong female characters is addressed in both Hana’s story and the paper bag princess. Both Hana and Princess Elizabeth are seen to be strong characters, although in different ways. Throughout her harrowing experience at the hands of her captors, Hana keeps a brave face. While she is helpless against the Nazis physically, she can keep her emotional strength at an impressive state for a person her age. She maintains a positive attitude and chooses to see the brighter side of things “So when I want to cry the blues I just recall the centipede. Consider walking in her shoes, and then my life seems sweet indeed.” (Levine 81)  Hana uses her mind to defeats the Nazis by keeping positive thoughts of friends and family, the loving memories she has of her family are her weapon of choice. “The girls held hands. They closed their eyes and tried to imagine being somewhere else Hana closed her eyes; she saw the strong, smiling face of her brother.” (Levine 80).  Munsch also portrays Princess Elizabeth as a strong-willed and witty individual who uses her mind to outwit the dragon. “Wait! Hold on!” Elizabeth said. “Are you a fierce dragon?” “Oh yes!” said the dragon”’. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Upon rejection by the Prince, instead of being heartbroken and helpless, Princess Elizabeth has a very witty response that generally would not be expected of a princess in traditional fairy tales “Your clothes are stunning, and your hair is immaculate. You look like a real prince, but you are a bum” (Munsch and Martchenko17). Munch’s unconventional approach to the damsel in distress storyline not only highlights important societal issues but also sends a adamant message on empowerment to young readers of all gender.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In conclusion, Levine’s vivid narration of Hana’s story seems much similar to the fictional tale of the paper bag princess, as in an ironic way both of them were the heroines of their stories.

Works Cited
Levine, Karen. Hana’s Suitcase: A True Story. Albert Whitman, 2003.

Munsch, Robert N, and Michael Martchenko.The Paper Bag Princess.Annick P, 1980.

ESSAY WRITING SAMPLE: GROUP DEVELOPMENT

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As a result of the global and technological factors, a need for combining competencies while building strong teams has emerged. Through the combination of various employees into strategic groups, an organization that operates in a team manner creates synergies through the team process. During troubled times, the significance of teamwork and engagement becomes paramount at all organizational levels. The organization thus gains communication commitment aimed at carrying out the business strategy while directly impacting on its capability to drive results and attain its goals. Poole & Van, (2004) assert that all teams comprise of groups of people but not all groups are teams. They argue that two or more people make up a group which has common interests or characteristics and the members identify with each other over similar traits. A team differs from a group basing on five key areas of task orientation, interdependence, familiarity, purpose and the formal structure, etc. A group has only one person as the head while a team may comprise over one person at the helm.

Team members share responsibility while group members do not, group focus on attaining individual goals while team members aim for attaining them goals (Anderson, 2012). Hence, a team generates collective work outcomes while a group generates individual end results. The process of a team is to talk about a dilemma and decide on the best way of resolving it in a collective manner while a group process is to discuss a problem, decide and delegate tasks to specific members. This shows that group members are independent while team members are interdependent. According to Anderson (2012), group dynamics entails the attitudes and behavior patterns of a group and it concerns with how groups are formed, their structure and the processes inherent in their operations.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

These are the interactions and forces within, between and among groups. Group dynamics lead to a series of relations, common goals, and norms that distinguish a specific social group and define its boundaries (Cummings& Worley, 2013). The formation of a group begins with an emotional connection between persons. According to the social cohesion theory, ties of interpersonal attractions lead to the formation of groups (Forsyth, 2010). The social identity theory on the other hand states that groups are formed when a group of individuals believe they share a common social category where interpersonal appeal serves to enhance that connection (Poole & Van, 2004). This leads one to identify with some persons while not associating with others. By interacting, individuals can then build up group attitudes, roles, and norms that characterize the grouping and are internalized to control or shape behavior. Forsyth, (2010) argues that the beliefs within the group are based on how the members of that group perceive their other members.

Likable group members are upgraded while unlikeable group members are deviated from. This makes them be a separate group and the effect is known as the black sheep effect. According to (Poole & Van, 2004), these Intergroup dynamics are what is referred to us the behavioral and emotional association involving two or additional social groupings. They include perceptions, opinions, behaviors, and attitudes generated towards one’s own group and to other groups. It sometimes is pro social, beneficial, and positive, while sometimes it generates conflict. The social identity supposition states that intergroup conflict begins with a practice of contrast among individuals within a group (in-group) to those of a different social group (out-group). This comparison is subjective and biased and enhances one’s self-esteem (Schuman, 2010). The result is a person ends up favoring the in-group over the out-group resulting into stereotypes, discrimination, and prejudice.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Intergroup disagreement can be very aggressive, particularly for societal groups with a long record of disagreements. This conflict is common among, ethnic, religious, racial and political groups (Schuman, 2010). Improving Performance in teams and groups is undertaken through measuring output undertaken in at least four ways. The first two ways quantify performance at the personal level while the other two gauge performance at the team level. Performance is enhanced through measuring individual member’s behavior e.g. participation in teams meetings, volunteers, constructive communication etc. A measure of individual results is done through analysis of work products as a collective end result. Also, problem-solving skills improves the team and group performance as it entails discussions, thoughts, decisions and actions that occur right from the initial consideration of a problem situation to the final goal.
Group decision making may appear fair and democratic but they are just a gesture that covers up because certain group leaders or members have already decided. Group decision making is cumbersome, time-consuming compared to individual decisions (Schuman, 2010). Despite this, group decision is more informed as all group members share a common understanding. Effective communication is thus central to a team’s success as a big part of teamwork entails written and oral communication. Teams establish the norms, frequency, and timing of communication between and among its group members where a mixture of decentralized and centralized patterns of communication is used (Anderson, 2012). The barriers to effective team communications include poor oral communication, lack of a shared vocabulary, poor writing skills, insensitivity to diversity and differences plus time constraints. Therefore effective response skills are important for the feedback process in a group or team to yield the desired impact or results.

The feedback ought to be about behavior and not personality and should describe the impact of a person’s behavior on the team or group. The feedback should be specific, timely where soliciting for feedback is done at the right moment i.e. when people are susceptible to feedback. This will go a long way to avoid the intragroup or intergroup conflict. Intra-group conflicts arise out of the disagreements that arise between individuals within a group e.g. a project team while intergroup conflicts arise out of misconceptions between work groups e.g. two project teams. Intergroup and intragroup conflict process models are used to resolve, or circumvent conflict to prevent it from becoming damaging (Cummings& Worley, 2013).

These include simple avoidance, changing certain variables at the place of work, problem-solving, and in-house alternative dispute resolution programs. The resolution method used depends on why the conflict occurred, its severity and type. Face to face is very effective in problem-solving especially conflicts that involve language barriers and misunderstandings. Another method to group conflict resolution is through authoritative commands for situations where a satisfactory resolution to command is not there. An authoritative command does not deal with the underlying cause of the conflict but is a quick fix to it (Cummings& Worley, 2013). These strategies will go a long way in resolving most of the group conflicts inherent within organizations.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References
Anderson, D. L. (2012). Cases and exercises in organization development & change. Los Angeles: Sage.

Cummings, T. G., & Worley, C. G. (2013). Organization Development and Change. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Forsyth, D. R. (2010). Group dynamics. Belmont, Calif: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Poole, M. S., & Van, . V. A. H. (2004). Handbook of organizational change and innovation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Schuman, S. (2010). The handbook for working with difficult groups: How they are difficult, why they are difficult and what you can do about it. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

WRITE MY ESSAY SAMPLE: PRIVATIZATION OF HEALTH CARE

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Whether Canada’s health care system should move toward greater privatization

Essay Outline

  1. The Universality of the Canadian health
  • The definition of universality
  • Why the Canadian health system does not ascribe to universality
  1. The state of the Canadian public health system
  • The effect of cutbacks in the federal budget
  1. The argument of freeing up resources for the public sector
  • Evidence of frustration of public health institutions by the privatization of the health sector.
  1. The argument of the health sector being a competitive business capable of further innovation
  • The effects of a single profit making motive in an industry designed to provide care to human beings.
  • Evidence of violation of laws caused by the competition for profit in the privatization of the health sector.
  1. The argument of relief for the taxpayer through privatization
  • The weakness of the assumption of wealthy individuals preferring payment private health care to free public health care
  • Leakage of taxpayers’ funds to private health care system.
  1. Conclusion
  • Alternatives to the privatization of Canada’s health care system.

Thesis Statement: Whether Canada’s health care system should become more privatized.

Universal healthcare has always been touted as being the primary driver behind the Canadian health care system. The term universal in this context implies that health care is accessible by all and sundry, regardless of their resources. That in itself is a good thing because it enables those unable to afford health care to have access to high quality care. The Canadian health care system has been misleadingly termed universal because there is no actual national health care standard, only a series of individual provincial systems. Not only does there not exist a social mechanism in place, but there is also no political will for the establishment of the same. The Canada Health Act is Vague at best, giving room for not only violations of various health laws but the edging out of public health institutions by private health care providers who are taking up an increasingly large portion in the health care sector. To fully analyze the situation, it is important first to look at the genesis of these changes.

Extreme cutbacks in the federal budget since 1990 have become the basis of arguments fronted by proponents of privatization of Canadian health care systems (Iglehart, 2012). The cutbacks have caused citizens to ensure restricted access to specialists, and they have to wait longer to receive nonemergency surgery, and also there has been a loss in bed capacity due to the closure or merger of many hospitals. While the reductions served their intended purpose of eliminating the massive annual budget deficit and are currently being reversed, the health care system remains fragile, characterized by a decline in support from the public, lower morale among medical practitioners and tension between the provinces and the federal government in Ottawa (Iglehart, 2012) [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
It is argued that privatization will free up resources for public health care. This is a misguided notion because the two-tier system will comprise of the private tier taking up a disproportionately larger amount of resources from the public system in the guise of the provision of ‘faster services’ while the public system functions almost the same number of citizens with far fewer resources. A survey of all for-profit diagnostic, surgical and cosmetic physician clinics across Canada aimed at measuring the impact of privatization on the access to public nonprofit services revealed a notable reduction of capacities of public hospitals as a result of staff poaching by private clinics. In extreme cases witnessed in at least two provinces, hospitals have been forced to cut back on provision of certain services due to understaffing or close down altogether (Mehra et.al, 2008).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Privatization looks at the health industry like any other business that would flourish under open market competition. Proponents of the privatized system argue that moral arguments aside, once health care is privatized, profit-seeking entrepreneurs will flock the system and continually innovate to bring about more robust changes. Not only is the description of the healthcare system as a competition worrisome as it depicts a picture where survival will be for the fittest, and there will be losers as is characteristic of any competition. The study by the Canadian Health Coalition showed that to become even more profitable, most private clinics are flouting health regulations. In five provinces, there is evidence of a possible eighty-nine violations of the Canada Health Act (Mehra et.al, 2008). This shows the inefficiency that comes with a single profit making motive in a sector such as that of health which requires more of a human and compassionate approach. It is also of importance to note that innovation does exist in public health care and efforts should be made to nurture it further.

The most common argument for privatization is that it will reduce the number of dependents on the public fund and therefore lessen the amount of taxes paid by citizens. It is assumed that the growth of the private sector will be met with enthusiasm from individuals who are willing and able to afford the offered services at that cost (Mehra et.al, 2008). However, it is highly unlikely that a significant number of well to do Canadians will immediately favor the private system as opposed to free access to services from the public system. This would mean a smaller portion of the population would be taxed, yet a larger portion would use the same services. Increasing establishment of private clinics has seen a rise in aggressive advances by owners of these facilities in pursuing publicly funded contracts from provincial governments to increase their profitability. Public funds are thus leaking into the private sector instead of providing for the taxpayer who is dependent on public health care. In addition to these reasons, the provision of private health services relies heavily on benefit packages sponsored by employers, which are usually subsidized by an approximated $3 billion of taxpayer money each year. It means private investment will not necessarily get taxpayers off the hook in regard to healthcare funding (Mehra et.al, 2008).

From the above examples, it is evident to see that privatization of the health care system is not the solution to the quickly escalating costs of health care. The two-tier system is simply a disguised method of exploiting both the well to do citizens who can afford private care and the less well-off who shoulder the tax burden with the belief that the health care system is adequate and worth the huge expense. Instead of privatizing the existing healthcare system recognized globally as proof of “the great value that Canada attaches to communal obligations and a robust public sector” (Iglehart, 2012), the federal government should implement national standards to make the health care system universal, more in practice than in theory. The provincial government, on the other hand, must view the federal government’s involvement in their health care systems not as interference but leadership.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References
Iglehart, J. K. (2000). Revisiting the Canadian Health Care System.New England Journal of Medicine342(26), 2007-2012.

Mehra, N., & Canadian Health Coalition. (2008). Eroding public Medicare: Lessons and Consequences of for-profit health care across Canada. Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Health Coalition.

ESSAY WRITING SERVICE SAMPLE:MEDIA OUTLET COVERAGE OF THE ELECTION ANALYSIS

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In The Washington Post, the election announcement is biased towards the victor Donald Trump (Tumulty, Rucker, & Gearan, 2016). The bias comes out due to the manner in which the media praises Donald Trump and vilifies his opponent Hillary Clinton. From the first paragraph, the report outlines how Trump had defied expectations and grown in stature during the campaign period. The report goes on to outline that Hillary had lost due to the fact that voters were unable to trust her and fed up with the political system. As it has later turned out, Clinton actually won the majority vote. As a result, the media house seems to have been so engrossed in dishing out praises for the victor that they did not take time to review the facts.

The report published by The New York Times contains no bias. The headline itself does not seem to scream neither in a congratulatory message to the victor nor a vilification of the loser. The headline simply states “Presidential Election Results: Donald J. Trump Wins”. The report then goes on to show how each state voted, and the swing states (The New York Times, 2016). The report also shows the changes in terms of voting that has taken place since 2012. In fact, apart from the headline, the rest of the information is presented in a maps and graphs. The absence of a long commentary is very effective as it removes any human sound or misinterpretation that would have introduced bias in the report. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The BBC news report is not biased. The report simply reports that Trump had won and goes on to explain five reasons why Donald Trump had won the elections. The coverage outlines that Trump had defied odds from the day he started his campaign more than a year ago to win the elections in November. The report outlines several reasons for his victory ranging from: a white wave of voters, his perspective as an outsider, the controversies that enveloped him, his comic factor and his trust in his instincts (Zurcher, Anthony; BBC, 2016). This report by the BBC media outlet basically reports the election results and presents the bare facts that had led Trump to a victory and categorized them into five classes. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The Telegraph seems to be biased towards Clinton, the loser in the election results based on the headline and other issues explored. First of all, the media house reports the victory to have been a shock, meaning that the election was expected to have been won by Clinton. The headline oozes of disappointment and some a tint of bitterness. The headline reads “US Election Results: The maps and analysis that explain Donald Trump’s shock victory to become President.” There is also a sense of disappointment in the report when the report announces that Clinton had a higher share of the popular vote than the victor and also winning Pennsylvania (Kirk, Scott, & Graham, 2016). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

References
Kirk, A., Scott, P., & Graham, C. (2016, Nov 15). US election results: The maps and analysis that explain Donald Trump’s shock victory to become President. The Telegraph .

The New York Times. (2016, Nov 9). Presidential Election Results: Donald J. Trump Wins. The New York Times .

Tumulty, K., Rucker, P., & Gearan, A. (2016, Nov 9). Donald Trump wins the presidency in stunning upset over Clinton. The Washington Post .

Zurcher, Anthony; BBC. (2016, Nov 9). US Election 2016 Results: Five reasons Donald Trump won. BBC .

WRITE MY ESSAY SAMPLE: CURRENT GEOGRAPHIC EVENTS

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The world’s geography is prone to various interactions based on the five theories of geography. We are currently experiencing dynamic changes in the world climate all which can be explained from a geographical aspect. Among the geographical themes is the regions theme that looks into who places are formed and how they change (Harvey & Holly, 2011). This theme has a close correlation with the human environmental interaction theme that seeks to elaborate on how human activities influence the environment. The correlation between the two themes is that in many occasions, human activities influence on the environment varies depending on the place where the activities take place.

The Americas stand out as a unique region in the world that is characterized by extreme weather events such as hurricanes (Harvey & Holly, 2011). Most of the countries in the Americas including the Caribbean have been hit by extreme weather events the most recent one being Hurricane Matthew in Haiti. Hurricanes can be related to geographical themes of place and that of human-environmental interaction. This is because the of the increased global warming in the world which consequently attributes to the adverse weather conditions as oceans water levels rise and are pushed by the winds to the nearby beach lands. This result leads to Hurricanes that are a constant threat to the America’s beach lands.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Information outlets such as media houses have the mandate to pass disaster information around the world and so as to raise the alarm as well as the trigger for relief services. The media outlets, however, have different formats of reporting, and this is often depicted during the reporting of such emergency disasters such as the recent Hurricane Matthew in Haiti. Below I shall analyze different ways in which two major outlets, the BBC and Aljazeera undertook their mandate with online postings regarding the same hurricane.

The BBC on 7th Oct 2016 posted on their website various items regarding the hurricane’s impact. They were first to observe that Caribbean storms often have adverse impacts on the poorest countries as compared to North America.  Their report also borrowed from the Red Cross whereby they quoted the Red Cross on the millions of people affected as well as a figure of 350,000 people needing rapid aid as a result of the hurricane. BBC also pointed out further threats to the people following the flooding aftermath such as a looming chlorella outbreak. BBC also pointed out the leading concerns in the area with the major one being hunger following the destruction of crops in the fields. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

On their reporting, the BBC uniquely pointed out on the local’s perception of the kind of services and emergency efforts being taken by the Haitian government as well as humanitarian organizations. BBC pointed out that locals were felt their government was not in a capacity to provide them the basic needs of water food and shelter and thus were more looking for foreign aid. On the other hand, the BBC also highlighted the foreign aid organizations impact on the emergency efforts whereby the locals also felt that aid agencies overlooked the local traditions and expertise. The people felt wronged when aid agencies brought their staff rather than engaging locals. The people also blamed the foreign aid agencies for not supporting the local businesses by not incorporating the coping strategies adopted by locals.

Another news outlet, Aljazeera also posted a report to the same hurricane on 8th Oct 2016 on their website Aljazeera as compared to BBC did not go to the geographical details but went straight to reporting on the overstretched health sector in rural Haiti. They also pointed out as BBC on the issue of food shortage and cholera outbreak which in contrast to BBC, they reported had already killed seven people. Aljazeera also pointed out on the actual death count from the hurricane as 877 people and also gave the cause of seven cholera deaths a result of sewage mixing with floodwater. Aljazeera also pointed out the most affected parts of Haiti as the Southwestern region home to fishing villages and towns in the Tiburon peninsula. Aljazeera like BBC also reported on a correlated aid effort between the Haitian government and foreign aid agencies.

The two reports above give an insight on how two different agencies give contrasting information and also similar information regarding a geographical occurrence. Details are given on different approaches but the core messages as still passed to the world. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References
Harvey, M., & Holly, B. P. (2011). Themes in geographic thought.  New York: St. Martin’s Press.

ESSAY WRITING SAMPLE: INTER- LANGUAGE ACQUISITION

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Interlanguage refers to the term for an idiolect, which has been developed by a second language learner that is yet to reach the level of proficiency. Language acquisition can be explained as the process through which people gain the ability to converse in a certain language which includes the choice of words and construction of coherent sentences for effective communication (Fletcher et.al, 2015). Language acquisition is critical for human beings as compared to other species as we can communicate more efficiently. It is, however, difficult to pin down language aspects that are uniquely human as other species in the animal kingdom also have their modes of communication which are similar to people regarding sounds. (Towell et.al, 2007). Language is a cognition that indeed makes people human. Language acquisition allows people to communicate their desires and as well as providing a common platform whereby we can understand each other. “Language is a rule-governed symbol system for communicating meaning through a shared code of arbitrary symbols” (Jordan, 2014). We become acquainted with language through the phenomenon of acquisition. It is vital to comprehend that there are different levels of language acquisition, a child may have delayed development and thus slowing their process of language acquisition. On the other hand, an adult learning a second language may struggle at it and find it much harder than a toddler learning the same language. The first language often referred to as mother tongue is acquired naturally by a child by way of listening and gathering what those around them are saying.   (Freed, 2009). Exposure to language, interaction with parents and the environment, and constant practice are all manners in which words continue to be developed. While other species can pass down information amongst themselves through their capacity of a significant ability to make sounds and vocalizations such as the bonobos; birds also have a whistling or song language that they use to communicate. Apart from humans, there is a minimal number of other species that can currently communicate with fully structured sentences. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

On this premise, interlanguage of a learner plays a critical role in preserving some of the features of the first language and can as well lead to overgeneralization of some second language speaking and writing rules (Fletcher et.al, 2015). Consequently, these key features of an interlanguage lead to the unique linguistic organization of the system. The Interlanguage will always influence the second language. Influences are across all parts of language learning, from grammar and vocabulary to function and pronunciation. The following section will seek to discuss some of the main effects of interlanguage on the language acquisition.

Firstly, interlanguage affects the general understanding of the second language acquisition (Fletcher et.al, 2015). Notably, it is evident that understanding a language is more than speaking. The ability in comprehending a language need not be underestimated, especially in understanding all aspects of a language including various context clues. Although most second language learners may not comprehend every word in a frying language, they may read a few words that are important and then decipher the rest by using a variety of clues in interpreting their meaning (Towell et.al, 2007). They, however, need to be encouraged to quickly transfer their ‘gist’ of understanding skills in interpreting the meanings in the second language. However, these efforts are affected by interlanguage whereby pronunciation and general understanding of grammar may be a big challenge.

Further, as noted above, pronunciation is also affected by the issue of inter-language. The process of language acquisition incorporates different leaning parameters that inform the teacher whether the student is understanding or making progress in learning the language. Pronunciation is part of the learning process, which, if well perfected, forms a great breakthrough to the learner. However, it must be admitted that the first language profoundly affects the learner’s ability to pronounce different words, which may influence the entire learning process. In this premise, it would be easier in some instances to recognize a native English speaker compared a foreigner (Fletcher et.al, 2015). Agreeably, although it may not be possible for a second language learner, the first language negatively affect the ability to pronounce the words correctly. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The aspect of fossilization is also dominant in the second language learning process due to interlanguage (Fletcher et.al, 2015). Fossilization is the presence of errors across all domains as one tries to learn the second language. In this way, teachers may find it difficult while assessing and testing second language learners to varied errors and mistakes made. Notably, language testing is considered as a way of systematically measuring an individual’s ability or knowledge, which is packaged about different test techniques and or pre-planned procedures aimed at effective measuring. Admittedly, testing also plays a critical role in language evaluation and learning in classroom settings. Evidently, several researchers have focused on Language Testing (LT) while others focus on Second Language Acquisition (SLA) have extensively analyzed the effect of interlanguage on the testing process as well as its advancement within their respective fields (Towell et.al, 2007). In most cases, results have shown that teachers who teach the second language may take more time in assessing their students compared to the same test conducted on first language students. However, it is advisable that teachers take time in understanding the weaker areas of each second language learner and more so the effects of the first language on the individual learning process. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

References
Fletcher, P., & Garman, M. (2015). Language acquisition: Studies in first language development.
Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Pr.

Freed, B. F. (2009). Second language acquisition in a study abroad context. Amsterdam: J.
Benjamins.

Jordan, G. (2014). Theory construction in second language acquisition. Amsterdam: J.
Benjamins.

Towell, R., & Hawkins, R. (2007). Approaches to second language acquisition. Clevedon, Avon,
England: Multilingual Matters.

WRITE MY ESSAY SAMPLE: SETTLEMENT ACT OF 1971

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The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971

Back Ground
The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) of 1971 was signed into law by President Richard Nixon (Lazarus, 1976). At that time, this law constituted the largest claims related to the settlement in the history of the United States. The aim of the ANCSA was to solve issues that had taken long about the aboriginal land claims around Alaska and stimulated economic development in the area.

In 1959 when Alaska was made a state, the Alaska Statehood Act, particularly section 4, offered that any land claims existing in Alaska would not be affected by the statehood and that the land claims were held in status quo. While this section preserved the land claims of the natives until later settlement, section 6 of the same act permitted the state government to claim what was considered as being vacant. Section 6 of the act provided that the state of Alaska had the right to select lands that were at that time in the federal government hands.

This means that the state government tried to acquire land by section 6 that had been subjected to the Native claims by section 4 of the same act and that were used and occupied by the Alaska Natives. This situation called for the need to come up with another act that would guide and protect the land claims of the natives.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Areas of Impact
By 1971, less than one million acres of land was owned by individuals in Alaska. The law, as well as the Alaska Statehood Act, allowed for the ownership of approximately 148. Five million acres of land in Alaska initially under full control by the federal government (Lazarus, 1976)

The state of Alaska has per now has already received more than ninety million acres of the land claims that it had made with the use of ANCSA. The state now has a total of one hundred and five million acres under the Statehood Act terms. Originally, the state had twenty-five years after the Alaska Statehood Act following its passage under section 6 of the act to file any land claims with the Bureau of Land Management.

ANCSA moved the deadline to 1994, and it was expected that the Bureau of Land Management would complete land transfers subjects processing to the overlapping Native claims come 2009. However, there are still some of the Natives as well as the state sections under ANCSA that were not solved by December 2014.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here]

Benefits
The law after it was passed created twelve regional economic development corporations targeting the natives. Each of the twelve corporations targeted a specified region in Alaska as well as the Natives who lived in the selected area. This way, the tribes were engaged in corporate capitalism so that they are part of the capitalist system for them to survive.

This meant that they could earn income while still staying in their traditional villages without the natives being forced to leave their villages to seek better work hence preserving their native culture.  The act also helped the natives in preserving their culture now that as they moved to look for jobs in other areas, they started to mix and prefer other cultures which they carried back home with them.

Argument
Despite the challenges related to ANCSA of 1971 such as some of the natives claiming that the law has hastened cultural genocide while others criticizing it as to be an illegitimate treaty which only involved tribal leaders and lacked participation from the indigenous populations in voting for the provisions of the act. The act has offered many economic benefits to the Aboriginal community that outweigh the negative consequences hence should be sustained. However, there should be amendments that need to be made in areas that the Act has faced criticism and challenges.

It was AFN idea now that they believed that the natives were likely to end up as part of the capitalist system for them to survive. The Act made the natives stakeholders of such corporations, and that meant that they earned more income without having to go to work in other cities.  The Act also ensured proper management of the land and any arising claims were dealt with is the shortest time possible and using a much simpler procedure. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Reference
Lazarus (Jr.), A., (1976). “The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: A Flawed Victory,” Law and Contemporary Problems. Winter