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Nursing is a profession that is tasked with the protection, promotion, and optimization of health. According to the American Nurses Association (2008), nurses are essential in the elevation of better health in the treatment of individuals and communities at large. Quality nursing care requires that a nurse, whether surgical or caring, is well taken care of to give maximum care.  Peer reviewed education, as well as other social aspects affecting nurses, are an essential component for providing quality care at the workplace. Considering this, professional organizations are quite relevant.

The American Nursing Informatics Association (ANIA) was created with the vision of providing information, education, and networking opportunities to strengthen the role of nurses. As stated on their website, ANIA was formed in 1982 “as the Capital Area Roundtable on Informatics in Nursing (CARING) (American Nursing Informatics Association, 2016, para. 5).” CARING, on the other hand, was formulated by nurses in the same year to help them advance exponentially in the advent of technology (ANIA, 2016). It was organized by nurses as a nonprofit to help them gain information and further assist them to automate care systems to improve healthcare services. Currently, ANIA is the integrated ANIA and CARING of 1982. They merged in 2010 to give nurses a better avenue of representation (ANIA, 2016). ANIA has changed how nurses interact with information over the years. Nurses, as well as other healthcare professionals, are represented in ANIA to provide them with information in research, education, implementation of new policies, and quality service improvement.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

ANIA’s mission statement is to “…advance nursing informatics through education, research and practice in all roles and settings” (ANIA, 2016, para. 3). ANIA hopes to be the organization of choice to help nurses advance in informatics. The professional body has given nurses a chance to identify practices that might be of help in enabling them to provide better quality services. Through research, ANIA provides healthcare professionals with much-needed information to assist them in practicing better healthcare that is both cost effective and healing in the long run (ANIA, 2016). ANIA has developed good networking practices not only in the nursing community but also in the wider healthcare sector. The move has been facilitated through their professional development measures that seek to make the health care system a community of people who learn together, save the world together, and also share memories together by creating practices that support better health care (ANIA, 2016). Nurses provide care that enables other professional such as doctors to have a seamless time diagnosing issues. In order to keep a health center functioning rightly, information shared by ANIA can be essential in coming up with practices that ensure nurses’ right are well articulated to ensure that they are well, hence providing quality care to their patients. Professional organizations such as ANIA are formulated to assist professionals to come up with better ways to deal with eminent issues. Such bodies are important as they ensure better healthcare.

Markova, Ford, Dickson, and Bohn (2013) write that professional organizations assist nurses to network and enhance personal and vocational development. ANIA helps health workers with networking opportunities which assist professionals to broaden their knowledge through informatics (ANIA, 2016). ANIA also offers a plethora of seminars and lectures to help individuals in the field keep themselves abreast with new trends in healthcare as well as innovative approaches to deal with healthcare. Information is power, and as such, ANIA equips nurses and other healthcare professionals with information that keeps them on their toes. These organizations allow one to be motivated and inspired for a long time thus making the overly boring service delivery profession to be more proactive (DeLeskey, 2003).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Staying current is not a matter of choice; it is a matter of urgency in the healthcare system. Professional organizations ensure you have the chance to network and progress in your career while still practicing good health care. Nursing associations nowadays have websites that can be easily explored. They offer information to anyone and also to board members to help them gain resources specifically addressed to them. Professional organizations like ANIA have contributed to the transformation of nursing and informatics, consequently creating a pool of wealth of information. Such groups are essential in everyday health care.

American Nurses Association. (2008). Nursing informatics: Scope & standards of practice. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.

American Nursing Informatics Association. (2016). About Us.

DeLeskey, K. (2003). Factors affecting nurses’ decisions to join and maintain membership in professional associations. Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing18(1), 8-17.

Markova, G., Ford, R. C., Dickson, D. R., & Bohn, T. M. (2013). Professional associations and members’ benefits: What’s in it for me? Nonprofit Management and Leadership23(4),


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Canned foods are prone to the growth of Clostridium botulinum, bacteria that causes botulism which is a deadly form of food poisoning. While some foods are acidic enough to prevent the growth of this harmful bacteria while canned, most need to be further acidified to ensure they’re safe for consumption (Binning, 2005). This necessitates a form of food preservation known as Pickling which is the process of food preservation using acidic preservatives either vinegar, lemon juice or brines added to a low acid food to reduce the PH to 4.6 and below. There are two basic categories of pickles. The first is pickles preserved in vinegar; which creates an acidic environment in which few bacteria can survive. The second type includes the use of salt brine which encourages fermentation. Fermentation allows the growth of good bacteria that makes food less susceptible to the harmful bacteria that causes spoilage of food. A good example of fermented pickles includes cucumber dill pickles (Beatte, 2010)[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Pickles have been around since 2030 BC when cucumbers were first pickled in the Tigris Valley.Between the late 1800s and the early 1900s; Eastern European Jews immigrating to New York introduced the pickling of cucumbers. They were piled in large barrels in a mixture of clean water, kosher salt, garlic, spices and dill and known as kosher dill pickles. They were often sold by the Jews on carts and soon became a profitable business. Over time, new varieties of pickles have been introduced from all over the world. Pickles can have a variety of flavors, i.e. sweet, salty, sour, and hot or a combination of more than one flavor. They are also not restricted to cucumber as shown by the lactose fermented cabbage introduced from Eastern Europe, the spiced cornichons from France, pickled plums from Japan and pickled eggplants and peppers from Italy. (Colwell, 2008).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

There are many references to the word pickle; the most common is to mean pickled cucumbers. There are six main types of ingredients necessary for pickle making. The most important element, of course, is the cucumber. The most preferred are of the thin-skinned variety with a likely number of warts and which have a proper size. Another critical ingredient is the acidic component, which is key to the process. Vinegar is the most common choice and makes up the bulk of the liquid used to pickle. It has a relative contribution to the flavor of the pickled cucumbers, giving them a sour taste. In addition to those two attractive attributes, vinegar is a preservative and is also non-toxic, making it the best choice for pickling. Other ingredients used that have an impact on the final taste of the pickles include sugar, which gives off a sweetness that balances the sour taste of vinegar and makes the pickles plump and firm. Salt which enhances the flavor and has protective qualities as well, and finally, herbs and spices such as dill weed, cinnamon, cloves, fennel for their aroma. Firming agents such as alum may also be used to give pickles the crispier fee without necessarily impacting the flavor.

The process of pickling may take as many as 42 days. Although simpler methods at home may do it, there are pickle manufacturers who use a four step process in the preparation. The first step is the harvesting. If the cucumbers are to be transported for long distances, refrigeration is used to ensure their freshness which plays a vital role in the final flavor. They are also cleaned to reduce any trace amount of bacteria on the cucumbers that may ruin the end product. The second step in pickling is preservation which may be done through fermentation, refrigeration or pasteurization. Refrigeration and pasteurization produce pickles with a shorter shelf life than those produced using fermentation. The pickles are then processed and packed in airtight containers to prevent spoilage (Sims & Zahara, 2008).[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Some challenges may arise with pickled food. There are also some signs that may allude to these problems, among them; Soft or slippery pickles which occur when the liquid used was not sufficiently acidic. The cucumbers may also have a strong bitter taste caused by pickling in an extremely acidic liquid. They may be shriveled or discolored, which indicates overcooking, the use of iodized salt or use in bad quality cucumbers. These problems may be avoided by using vinegar of the proper strength (5% acidity), always using fresh spices, and storing jars in a cool, dry place and following pickling instructions carefully (Ware, 2013).

Binning, L. K. (2005). Pickling cucumbers: Pest control. Madison.

Beattie, J. H. (2010). Growing cucumbers for pickling. Washington, D.C: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.

Colwell, H. T. M., & Ontario. (2008). Mechanical harvesting of pickling cucumbers: Economic aspects. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food.

Sims, W. L., & Zahara, M. B. (2008). Growing pickling cucumbers for mechanical harvesting. Berkeley, Calif: University of California.

Ware, L. M. (2013). Studies with pickling cucumbers in Alabama. Auburn: Agricultural Experiment Station of the Alabama Polytechnic Institute.


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The history of Multi-Engine Flight dates back in 1913. Notably, the world’s first multi-engine airplane was created in Russia. Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky, who was born in Kiev, Imperial Russia (now Ukraine), on May 25, 1889, is the pioneer of the first multi-engine aircraft (Sikorskii?, 2007). Therefore, the history of the multi-engine flight cannot be explained without talking about Igor Sikorsky, who, as a young boy, showed interest in science especially in the field of aviation. Critical to note is that before Igor Sikorsky had immigrated to the US and started the building of helicopters, he had already pioneered the Russia’s early aviation (Anderson, 2012). Apparently, among his looming large of the beginning of the accomplishments is the development of “The Grand” which was the code name of the first multi-engine aircraft. Most of the critics did not believe that the aircraft would fly although it did.

Evidently, “The Grand” was hugely influential to aviation in different ways, which include the integration of the balcony. It is considered as “little porch” on the front of the multi-engine aircraft that feels among the most remarkable aspects of the first plane’ designs (Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2008). The intention of design the multi-engine aircraft with a balcony was to ensure that safety was guaranteed by reminding passengers not “to jump out of the plane while standing on the porch.” [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

A twin-engine aircraft looks complicated to fly because of the many knobs and dials in the cockpit. The systems are complex, and fuel plumbing may seem a little out of the ordinary. When a multi-engine aircraft takes off, it is not any different from flying a retractable single engine plane. The transition from a fixed gear, fixed pitch prop single to a twin is busier than it needs to be but the invention of a multi-engine flight made life easier in the aviation industry.

A multi-engine aircraft has a few advantages over the single engine aircraft. A manufacturer puts more than one engine in the airframe to ensure that the plane keeps flying in the case where one engine fails. However, if an engine in a twin engine flight fails, the pilot loses 90 percent of excess thrust which means that speed will lose speed even if he configure the airplane entirely after an engine failure. When light twin-engine flights are operated near their gross weight, the plan becomes intolerant of the pilots’ error in achieving a positive climb rate and deliver a very marginal single engine flight performance. A non-turbo plane with twin engines has a single engine service ceiling of five thousand feet density altitude which increases the likelihood of descending in the case of engine failure (Torenbeek, 2013). In addition, a plane with two engines is more likely to incur an engine failure.

Aircraft manufactures develop a multi engine aircrafts for more power. If a manufacturer cannot achieve 500 hp from a single engine for 500lb. aircraft, the solution is to create two 250hp engines because it creates an extra drag from each side of the plane (Anderson, 2012). For example, single Comanche records a performance of 260 hp and the double 320 hp. However, the single Comanche is faster than the twin equivalent. Newer light single aircrafts such as the PC 12 get power with a minimal drag, which makes it, fly higher and faster. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

A multi-engine flight is in perfect condition when both engines are pulling uniformly, and the engines are symmetrical. When one of the engines fails, the functional engine provides all the thrust, which causes the aircraft to incline towards the dead engine. The dead engine creates an additional drag, which creates the need for energy to come from elsewhere since the propeller is wind milling. The wind milling prop creates drag, which also causes the airplane to yaw towards the failed engine (Mardanpour et.al, 2014). The pilot stops the yaw by stomping on the rubber paddle next to the engine, which also contributes, to the thrust.

As a pilot slows down, the flight controls become sloppy and begin to lose effectiveness. At low speeds, the rudder cannot oppose the yawing into the failed engine. The aircraft will then spin and cause a crash that is likely to cause the death of all the occupants. When flying a multi-engine flight, the pilot must reduce power on the functional engine or lower the nose to maintain control. However, these two actions are not desirable right after takeoff or at low altitudes. Climbing at low speeds is not well supported by the multi-engine flight, which makes it necessary for a minimum yawn control speed, VMC, to be painted as a red streak across the airspeed indicators.

A twin-engine flight has two standard pistons that rotate clockwise when viewed from behind just as in the case of a twin engine. If the right engine fails and the pilot slow down the plane, down going blade of the left engine appears to be inside the nacelle, which is closer to the fuselage. This means that the pilot’s action will cause a shorter arm for thrust, which will consequently lead to less yawing. Conversely, if the left engine fails, the pilot slows down, and the downgoing blade of the right engine is outside the nacelle and away from the fuselage. The plan yaws more; an indication that the pilot needs more rudder. As far as the control of a multi-engine aircraft goes, it is worse when the left engine fails because it is the analytical engine (Wildmann et.al, 2014). However, airframe manufacturers have redesigned the plane by installing a counter-clockwise rotating engine on the right. This modification assists the pilot to remain on a straight course when the left engine fails. The down going blade on the right engine as close to the fuselage as the left engine (Mardanpour et.al, 2014). Later versions of the twin-engine airplanes are said not to have a critical engine from a control standpoint view after this innovation. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The twin engine has some advantages over the single engine aircraft. The twin-engine aircraft is less redundant because is a pilot loses one engine, there is a chance that he can land using the functional engine. Most twin-engine aircraft that are beyond the twin trainers have an excellent cabin in the piston twin. Sophisticated models of the multi-engine aircraft come with additional features such as the anti-ice equipment that is not in the single engine aircraft. However, twin-engine aircraft have very high operating costs because of the double amounts of oil required to fuel the two engines. Also, they have high maintenance costs that come from having twice the number of spark plugs and cylinders. They are more complicated to operate compared to the single engine because the redundancy from the use of multi-engine flights comes at the price of a complex fuel system, paralleling alternators and synchronizing propellers. Twin engine flights have a tendency of lacking soft field performance.

The history of air aviation is mostly attributed to the works that were done by the first innovators of the airplane, the Wright brothers especially after they demonstrated that it was possible to fly and that the fundamental technical problems had been overcome. However, the following paper will seek to discuss the history of the Multi-Engine Flight by analyzing different milestones in the air aviation industry

Anderson, J. J. D. (2012). The airplane: A history of its technology. Reston, VA: American
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

Marshall Cavendish Corporation. (2008). Inventors and inventions. New York: Marshall

Mardanpour, P., Richards, P. W., Nabipour, O., & Hodges, D. H. (2014). Effect of multiple engine placement on aeroelastic trim and stability of flying wing aircraft. Journal of Fluids and Structures44, 67-86.

Sikorskii?, S. I. (2007). The Sikorsky Legacy. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub

Torenbeek, E. (2013). Synthesis of subsonic airplane design: an introduction to the preliminary design of subsonic general aviation and transport aircraft, with emphasis on layout, aerodynamic design, propulsion, and performance. Springer Science & Business Media.

Wildmann, N., Ravi, S., & Bange, J. (2014). Towards higher accuracy and better frequency response with standard multi-hole probes in turbulence measurement with remotely piloted aircraft (RPA). Atmospheric Measurement Techniques7(4), 1027-1041.


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Native American History
The Native Americans are indigenous people to the land of America. They were the first settlers in the continent. These indigenous populations are believed to have crossed over from Asia to Alaska, majorly as explorers. They were perfect in utilizing the available resources in their immediate environment.  However, the discovery of the Americas by the Europeans ushered in a new era of conflict and turmoil between the two factions. The disagreements between the Native Americans and the European settlers were based on the sharing of resources, especially land, between the two. These conflicts were settled, in most cases, by war and rarely by peaceful treaties. This essay, thus, explores the history of the Native Americans and their interactions with the European settlers based on the available primary sources alongside other authoritative peer-reviewed scholarly sources.    [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Native Americans occupied the whole of South and North America. They were grouped into different tribes each occupying distinct Geographical areas. North America, for instance, was majorly occupied by Red Indians who had unique cultures. Some were hunters, like the Clovis people, sometimes referred to as Paleo-Indians. According to Megapolensis’ (1644) report: “The women were obliged to prepare the land, to mow, to plant, and do everything; the men did nothing except hunting, fishing, and going to war against their enemies.” It is thus evident from this primary source that some other ethnic groups practiced fishing and by extension trading. After all the unity among these groups made them live peacefully. These groups could be amalgamated to form states which were governed by a leader who controlled trade operations in and out of the state. Diversity in culture and traditions made them live peacefully. At least each ethnic group had something to offer to the entire combined society (Nies 98).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here]

European invasion came with negative impacts to these people. These invaders were greedy for land as evidenced by a series of primary sources. For instance, this is brought out clearly by Powhatan’s (1609) letter to the European settlers: “Why will you take by force what you may obtain by love?” This line depicts the settler’s aggressiveness to dispossess the natives of their land of which they were willing to share with the invaders peacefully without war.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Works Cited
Nies, Judith. Native American History. Ballantine Books, 2012.

Powhatan. (1609). Speech by Powhatan, as recorded by John Smith, 1609. Smithsonian Source,

Megapolensis, J. (1644). Dutch missionary John Megapolensis on the Mohawks (Iroquois), 1644. Smithsonian Source,


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Internet bullying is not just an issue that affects the individual getting bullied but mostly it is also a public social problem. The individual suffers some effects that have negative social impacts because they do not know who is bullying them. It is more like a mystery, and they are embarrassed to speak out about what they are going through. Internet bullying which is also referred to as cyber bullying has greater social effects because it is quite different from the traditional bullying whereby someone is in direct contact with the bully (Kowalski, 2012). With traditional bullying; you know who is bullying you, but in internet bullying, you are left dazzled by a stranger which is more torturous. There are factors that make internet bullying a sensitive social issue. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Cyberbullying can go on round the clock. It can run for longer durations, and it does not only happen in school going children but also occurs among adults on social media and on work platforms. Internet bullying occurs at whatever time of the day or night. Internet bullying is more intense as the bully is often anonymous (Horowitz, 2014). Degrading Images or videos in cyber bullying spread fast to a broad audience owing to the vast reach of internet connectivity around the world. Once something has been posted, several people have access to download it and thus the damage caused can last long and thus adversely affecting the victim. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Cyber bullying is thus a smaller representation of an adverse issue which is bullying in general. Bullying in the society takes different shapes such as intimidation, bigotry as well as manipulation. Bullies are often disturbed people in the society who try to cover their shortcomings by belittling others through intimidation (Stuckey, 2013). Cyberbullying thus gives the bullies a chance to hide behind a keyboard and harass others. If we are to put an end to bullying, we would thus have to start from the family setting and go through to the society at large.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]


Horowitz, M., Bollinger, D. M., & American Association of School Administrators, (2014). Cyberbullying in social media within educational institutions: Featuring student, employee, and parent information.

Kowalski, R. M., Limber, S., & Agatston, P. W. (2012). Cyberbullying: Bullying in the digital age. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Stuckey, R. (2013). Cyberbullying.


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Minors who commit violent crimes should not be tried and sentenced as adults in courts of law because their understandings of crime and their experiences are different. Unlike adults, there are several factors that are not immediately apparent that are associated with juveniles who commit crimes. However, punishing them is not going to create the same deterrent effect on other minors, and if anything, it might have an opposite effect. Minors should be given special trials and hearings to determine suitable punishments for them separate from the trials that adults go through in the courts system. This paper will provide information on why minors who commit violent crimes should not be tried as adults.

History and Status
Since the 1970s, minors across the United States have been increasingly tried as adults mainly in response to the violence associated with some of their crimes. Minors arrested for crimes such as murder and theft are often tried as adults, resulting in widespread condemnation from children’s’ rights groups and other relevant stakeholders (Curtis, 2014). The question of the most appropriate way of trying minors arrested for violent crimes has raised controversy all around the globe.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In countries, such as Australia and Japan, there is a coordinated effort to establish a youth-focused justice system that will allow minors to be tried differently from adults. The United Nations endorse such a plan, arguing that ‘child friendly justice will serve to find a solution to some of the crimes committed by the minors. Establishing hearing specifically for minors will have a positive effect because it will allow relevant stakeholders to further explore child psychology to get down to the root cause of the violent crimes perpetrated by minors. This solution is likely to have more far-reaching effects that will allow society to be a better place with regard to the future of minors.

The first problem that needs to be addressed with regard to establishing different hearings for minors is the current status quo (political). Currently, minors are treated as adults in several countries, and this particularly applies for those who commit violent crimes. It will be an uphill task convincing a large number of nations, some with cases already pending, to establish a different justice system for minors who commit violent crimes (Nybell, Shook & Finn, 2009). The status quo poses a significant problem that needs to be addressed through enlightening the entire population to understand the benefit of establishing separate hearings for minors.

The second problem that needs to be addressed is the general resentment that some sections of the community usually have towards minors who commit violent crimes (social). The developed justice system stipulates specific penalties and punishment for lawbreakers, and thus establishing a different system for minors will cause resentment. Society, especially surviving victims of violent crimes by minors always desire to see justice, and changing this approach will cause problems in society. It will be difficult to convince everybody in society the need to establish a separate basis for punishment and rehabilitation for minors’ who commit violent crimes in society (Alexander, 2012).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The third problem is the issue of funds allocation for establishing a new justice system for trying minors who commit violent crimes (economic). Establishing different courts and utilizing different types of representation will result in the creation of a new system that will cost money. As much as there is justification for the establishment of a different court system for minors, the expense will not be ignored, particularly when the focus on some of the minors is violent crimes that they have committed.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The political, social and economic problems that face the establishment of different courts to try minors who have committed violent crimes can be solved by a coordinated approach by both the government and the entire community. It is upon the government to spread awareness about the importance of trying minors separately from adults because their motivations and influences are often different. The motivations associated with children committing violent crimes need to be investigated further in order to develop an understanding of how to contain this crucial problem in society. This is possible by establishing separate hearings where the minors will be tried under a different system than that of adults. The community needs to understand the importance of separating these trials in order to guarantee a free future for children all over the world.


Alexander, M. (2012). The new Jim Crow: mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness (Rev. ed.). New York: New Press.

Curtis, A. (2014). Tracing the School-to-Prison Pipeline from Zero-Tolerance Policies to Juvenile Justice Dispositions. Georgetown Law Journal 102: 1254.

Nybell, L. M.; Shook, J. J. & Finn, J. L. (2009). Childhood, youth, and social work in transformation: implications for policy and practice. New York: Columbia University Press.


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Understanding Emily’s Life’s Eternity

Most poets prefer the use of various styles and stylistic devises while compiling their poems in such a manner that the poems become great works of literature. A properly defined poem would automatically rise to the forefront of the literature world for many years following the time of its release. Among the renowned poets is Emily Dickinson, who used metaphors of the sea and, at times, boats to bring her poems to life. Dickinson’s use of the sea as a metaphor also helped establish her in the literary world. Her style and the literary devices used also help to depict her personality and the environment that surrounded her. Along with other stylistic elements, she has exploited the metaphor to become a well-renowned literary figure. The way in which the poet applies metaphors to bring out the theme of her poems is clearly analyzed in this paper. The author uses the sea, boats, Eden and even books to represent various life factors; including love, hope, death and eternity.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Love is a great concept that every human being yearns to have for eternity. This explains why most people cannot live without it, while others go to extreme measures of taking their lives or harming their partners when love goes sour. This concept is emphasized by Emily Dickinson in many of her poems. Though the poems seem to highlight the fantasies of the sea, she literarily depicts love and its captivating aspects: “On this wondrous sea,/Sailing silently,/Knowest thou the shore/Ho! pilot, ho!” (Dickinson, 1-4). Along with the captivation of love, Dickinson depicts the sometimes tumultuous nature of love. For instance, her poem entails how her river runs to the blue sea and she hopes that the sea (her lover) will welcome the river (herself): “My river runs to thee:/Blue sea, wilt welcome me?” (Dickinson, 1-2). The poet uses the metaphor of the sea as the means of travel that takes people to various destinies of love, hope opportunities, and human destination during eternal life. The sea is a vital concept in the life of the poet because it tends to push her into fantasies of love and sexuality. This is seen when the poet addresses the sea as if it is a love partner who takes her and she sinks into his love. Thus, the sea represents a lover who welcomes her and she hopes will love her unconditionally; an aspect that is seen when she tells the sea: “say, sea, take me!” (Dickinson 7-8). Thus, love is a craving of fantasy that seems to quench the desires of love and sexuality of the poet. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

In a different poem, Dickinson depicts the mutable nature of love and sex: “Wild nights! Wild nights!/Were I with thee,/ Wild nights should be/ Our luxury!” (Dickinson 1-4) Here, she shows her desire to be in a loving relationship, both wild and luxurious in its commitment.. In the second stanza of part one, the poet uses the sea again to represent how she sank into sexual fantasies and pleasure during the wild night. She compares the experience of sailing in the sea of fantasy with a row in Eden: “Rowing in Eden!/ Ah! the sea!” (Dickinson, 9-10) Therefore, love and sex life is a crucial need in every society and the poet brings its fantasies in a different mood and perspective to the reader.

The metaphors of the wild nights and the row in Eden depict the outcome of love, which are sexual pleasures that can only be compared to rowing in Eden. In addition, the sea and garden is used as a metaphor that symbolizes hope where the poet could find joy and freedom. This is because these two places separated her from the world and it resisted the hope of crossing. In the second stanza of this poem, Dickinson writes: “Futile the winds/To a heart in port.” (Dickinson, 5-6) She declares that she is “Done with the compass,/Done with the chart.” (Dickinson 7-8). In this stanza, she is saying that love defies navigation. Rather, she will throw out the tools and simply row.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

In stanza 3 the author creates a juxtaposition between sexual fantasy and biblical references:
“Rowing in Eden!
Ah! the Sea!
Might I but moor
To-night – In thee!” (Dickinson, 9-12)

Thus, her sinking into the sea or rowing in Eden seemed to allow her to find solace in the shortcomings of the society. Dickinson, coming from Puritanical America, uses many religious metaphors in her poems. In this case, she is calling up Eden in place of paradise. What makes this particularly interesting is the sexual image at the end of the poem. When she writes: “Might I but moor/Tonight in thee!” (Dickinson, 11-12) The symbolism of Eden brings to mind her more religious works, yet she surprises the reader by ending the poem on such a boldly sexual note. For this reason, the sea is a metaphor that represents love through which the poet sinks into or rows in throughout the hard life. Therefore, with love filling the mind, body and soul, Dickinson imagines nights with her lover to be an endless row in Eden. We know this is a fantasy not only because the yearning is palpable, but because Dickinson uses the word “might.” This illustrates that she is writing about a fantasy rather than an actual event. Love and romance in poetry is a significant concept that most literary works encompass. Most poets such as Shakespeare have presented various literatures that entail love and romance in the Victorian era. This is because love, sexuality and romance were a vital concept that was embraced by the ancient society since it laid out foundations of families.

Prior to love, hope and death, the author also uses the sea as a metaphor that symbolizes life as a journey and how the boat sails is determined by the effort of the sailor. This is the reason why the poet still brings in the metaphor of the brook as a relieving aspect that puts the journey to the end by taking the sailors into a land of the unknown. This is obvious in poem beginning “The Sea Said ‘Come’ To the Brook”. An outside poem by Dickinson, the first line in stanza one says “The Sea said ‘Come’ to the Brook/ The Brook said ‘Let me grow’”. (Dickinson 1-2) Therefore, the sails or journeys come to an end when people die and their souls rest in eternal peace. As much as the sea is a journey that encompasses aspects such as fantasies of love and pleasures of sexuality, it also represents the journey that human beings undertake in their entire life time. In this poem, Dickinson depicts the need for change in life and the reluctance that is sometimes felt. The sea commands the brook, yet the brook expresses its autonomy. This is factual because the poet encompasses various other concepts of life in her poems that include sexuality, love, family values, social cohesion and death and eternity to depict how the row in the sea is a complex sail.

The end of human life is inevitable. After the long journey that is filled with storms and calmness, death comes in as the aspect that puts the souls of people to rest. Death and man’s end of life are also a significant aspects that Dickinson addresses often. This is seen in the poem, beginning “On this wondrous sea” in the seventh line where she refers to the destiny of man’s soul: “In the silent west/ Many sails at rest” (Dickinson 7-8). Her literary works further drove her to reflect into the nature of man and what the future life entails. This is why the author applies the metaphor of pilot to signify death, where death becomes the pilot that leads human souls into eternity where there is no disturbance but eternal peace. This is seen in same poem in the first line of the first stanza where the poet claims that “On this wondrous sea/ Sailing silently, / Knowest thou the shore/ Ho! pilot, ho!”. (Dickinson, 1-4) Thus, the author tries to analyze death in a different angle which is why she applied different moods, feelings and situations. Here, Dickinson creates a mood of tension. She is sailing on a sea that is quiet, yet she does not know her destination.

Along with the sea, books are also used by Dickinson as a metaphor for something that takes us to far lands. Therefore, the brook signifies a device that takes human souls into unknown lands. Like a boat or the sea, a book can provide a sense of escape. Dickinson writes: “This traverse may the poorest take/Without oppress of toll;” (Dickinson 5-6) Here she is expressing her joy in the knowledge that a journey taken by book is essentially free. The book, here illustrated as a frigate, takes the reader to new places, freeing them of the constraints of their world. Dickinson once again is focusing on escape and travel, through a strongly drawn metaphor of sailing.

When Emily Dickinson was writing, America and its fledgling society was largely untamed. There was, culturally, more focus on the future of the soul of man. This was contributed by her roots in Puritanism; a religion that allowed her to see God’s manifestation in every nature. This stirred her interest and influenced her works, along with her pursuit of personal significance in nature and the aftermath of man’s eternity. This is the reason the poet delves into eternity as the destiny of every soul. The immortality as the core concept desired by the poet is seen in the poem the begins “Exultation is the going.” When she claims that “past the houses, past the headlands into deep eternity” (Dickinson 3-4) she illustrates her belief that the end of the journey is the afterlife. Here the poet seems to offer an over-view of the survival of the soul. Therefore, her roots in Puritanism allowed her to reflect on the afterlife of man.

All the presented metaphors depict the authors aim of bringing in the imagery of various aspects of life that include love life, the journey of live, death and eternity. This is because she brings in various in-depth concepts that allow readers to understand poetry and its dynamics as well as the viewpoint of the poet. This is especially true when one considers that Emily Dickinson lived in an era when New England was far from development. This is seen from the manner in which she represents her poetry since she tries to paint the social aspects that existed in her time. Most historians assert that she lived a quite life but her other side of life is seen from her poems. Thus, her outstanding work is seen in her poems that entail vast aspects of life that include love live, the hardship and struggles of life, spirituality, death and afterlife. This is why her literary work is greatly recognized by the past and present generations not only due to presentation of social aspects but also because of her outstanding application of literature concepts.


Food Insecurity Among College Students: An Under-Researched Population
Inside Higher Ed: November 22, 2016
Kovacs, Kasia. “Battling Student Hunger”

The article begins by outlining a currently existing food pantry established at George Washington University.  A description is offered of the positive responses of several students, and cites data regarding the number of students using the pantry’s services.  The article goes on to discuss the lack of official policy relating specifically to college students.  It discusses proposed changes to official policy in several cities across the country intended to extend SNAP benefits and subsidized lunch programs to include college students.  These proposals have been met with varying levels of opposition.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The news article ends by pointing out a lack of credible research, acknowledging that most existing studies use convenience samples that are skewed toward collecting data from students with an existing tendency toward food insecurity.  With as much as 25% of community college students, and 20% of students at 4-year institutions, facing food insecurity, the importance of broader scale and more unbiased research is highlighted as the next step toward providing farther-reaching solutions.[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

The article is directly related to the human services sector.  It discusses a population that has not been sufficiently researched, and whose needs are not being adequately met.  The goal of human services providers is to understand and ultimately meet the needs of communities, and neglecting such a large segment of the population is a gross oversight.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Discussion Questions

  1. What are some of the misconceptions that have led to a lack of sufficient research on food insecurity in college students?
  2. Do you think college students should have access to the same resources as their working-class counterparts?
  3. How might an individual student’s food insecurity directly impact his or her education?
  4. Do you think there are other needs college students might have that are not being sufficiently addressed by the human services sector, and why might this be the case?


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Glasser’s Quality Schools: How can components enhance existing programs in schools?
Quality schools as described by William Glasser are based on choice theory, the core practices of lead management, and application of reality therapy within the schooling environment so as to ensure that students attain the highest level of academic achievement. In the recent past, the education system within the country has come under sharp criticism from the media and other educators who suggest that it does not offer the optimal benefits that would allow students to be ready for their future careers. These deficiencies have been identified over time through comparison with other education systems mainly in Europe and other Western Nations. The aim of this essay is to assess the various characteristics that were identified by Glasser that would go a long way to enhance the quality of education that is offered at learning institutions.

In developing quality schools, Glasser identified six distinct elements that a school should possess so as to be considered to be a quality school. The first element is that all discipline problems should be eliminated within two years and a significant drop must be observed in the first year alone. The second element is the academic achievement of students in state test scores must improve consistently. The third element is that all grades below the below competence level of B will be eliminated while at the same time, students must demonstrate a high level of competence to their teachers (Glasser, Mentley, & National Professional Resources, Inc. 2008). The fourth element is that all students must undertake quality work in each year. This refers to work that is considered to be beyond the normal competence levels. Such work offers students with high competence levels an opportunity to excel and prove their ability. The fifth element is that students and staff are taught how to use choice theory in their personal lives and work. The sixth element is that the school must demonstrate a happy atmosphere with few arguments or cases of indiscipline. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Mission or Goals
There are several goals that the Glasser Quality Schools principles aim at achieving within the learning institutions. Some of these goals include enhancing high academic achievement among the students, decreased cases of indiscipline, increased satisfaction among the educators and teachers, shorter time taken for a student to complete their studies, effective utilization of the academic resources provided, and emotional well-being of all students (Wolfgang, 2012). These goals are set to keep track of the elements that create a better atmosphere within the school environment.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Glasser Quality Schools have many advantages on not only the students but also on the teachers. First, it makes teaching easier for educators while at the same time offering enhanced satisfaction and fulfillment as they undertake their teaching duties on a daily basis. Secondly, they reduce the cases of indiscipline within the learning institutions and this helps reduce the rate at which children and students are susceptible to dropout from school. Consequently, more people are likely to follow their careers and reaching the goals that they have set for their future lives and careers at the workplace.

Glasser’s Quality Schools also bring about several weaknesses and concerns that need to be addressed if the quality of education that is offered to students is to be enhanced in the future. The first concern is that it is associated with high levels of bureaucracy. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]Such bureaucracy makes it difficult for students to think logically since the education system views them as machines that are expected to fit into the learning institution with ease.

Glasser, W., Mentley, K. W., & National Professional Resources, Inc. (2008). Building a quality
school: A matter of responsibility. Port Chester, N.Y: National Professional Resources.
Wolfgang, C. H. (2012). Solving discipline and classroom management problems: Methods and
models for today’s teachers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.


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There are three modern types of treatment options for mentally ill patients namely drug therapy, brain stimulation therapy, and psychotherapy. However, over 60 percent of people with mild or severe mental illnesses do not receive any form of treatment (Steinman, 2009). The reasons are that most treatment options are inadequate, the rates of mental illnesses have stagnated over the years, physicians have limited training, resources, and experience required to convince mentally ill patients to follow a treatment option. The reason that most mentally ill patients hesitate before getting help is that there is limited information on these conditions, in particular on the negative implications of treatments that mentally ill patients use to control mental disorders (Steinman, 2009). The main aim of this essay is to discuss the impact of different treatment options and therapies.

Drug Therapy

Psychiatrists and doctors prescribe a broad range of highly efficient psychoactive drugs to their patients depending on the type of disorder that they have. Psychiatric medication cannot cure mental illness, but they significantly improve the symptoms of the mental disorder (Berke, 2012). To improve the effectiveness of psychiatric medication, it is important for the psychiatrist to combine drug therapy with other forms of treatment such as psychotherapy. The effectiveness of psychiatric medication varies across different patients because the appropriate medication depends on a particular situation and how an individual’s body responds to drugs (McHugh et.al, 2013). There are four classes of psychiatric medication: antidepressants, anti-anxiety medication, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

  1. Antidepressants

Antidepressants such as Zoloft, Prozac, Sarafem, Celexa, Lexapro, Paxil, Luvox and Oleptro treat anxiety and depression (Berke, 2012). These drugs improve symptoms such as hopelessness, sadness and lack of interest. The advantage of anti-depressants is that they are not addictive and are therefore not likely to cause dependence. However, these drugs create a wonderful balance of the neurotransmitters, which can make a patient to experience side effects such as low sex drive and agitation, which result from an increase in suicidal thoughts (McHugh et.al, 2013). Long-term use of anti-depressants increases dependency on the artificially high level of serotonin which forces them to fall back into depression once they discontinue the use of the antidepressants. It is no wonder that there is an increase in the number of mentally ill children and adults after the commercialization and widespread use of antidepressants.

  1. Anti-anxiety drugs

Anti-anxiety medication, Benzodiazepines, or tranquilizers such as Xanax, Valium, Klonopin, and Ativan treat panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder but may also be used to reduce insomnia and agitation (Berke, 2012). However, long term anti-anxiety drugs act as antidepressants that also help to reduce anxiety (Miklowitz et.al, 2014). Fast acting anti-anxiety drugs offer the patient short-term relief. Fast acting antidepressants can cause dependency if they are used on a long-term basis. Tranquilizers work within half an hour to and are very effective when taken during a devastating anxiety attack. Given the addictive nature of benzodiazepines, they should be made only when a person is having a panic attack or an anxiety episode.

Anti-anxiety medications work by slowing down the nervous system, which eventually calms the patient physically and mentally, However, the higher the dosage administered to the patient, the more intense the unwanted side effects occur (Leucht et.al, 2013). A patient taking antidepressant medication experiences drowsiness, poor coordination, slurred speech, poor concentration, poor memory, stomach upsets, blurred vision, headaches, and confusion. These side effects impede activities in the patient’s school or work life, which might eventually render the patient unproductive (Leucht et.al, 2013).
In some cases, patients taking benzodiazepines experience paradoxical effects such as irritability, agitation, rage, impulsive behavior, mania, and hallucinations, which make the patients, sink further into depression. Some studies indicate that benzodiazepines have a tendency worsening cases with pre-existing depression and can potentially cause treatment-resistant depression. More so, anti-anxiety medication is shown to increase suicidal feelings and cause emotional numbness.

  1. Mood stabilizing medications

Mood stabilizers such as Lithium, Depakote, Lamictal, Tegretol treat bipolar disorders. A bipolar patient has alternating episodes of depression and mania. In the case of bipolar, mood stabilizers are used together with antidepressants to treat depression. Use of lithium in the treatment of bipolar causes long-term effects to the kidneys. Therefore, lithium is administered to bipolar patients once per day (Miklowitz et.al, 2014). A patient using lithium experiences nausea, diarrhea, tremors, acne, weight gain, increased thirst, and cognitive impairment. A small number of patients risk of chronic renal insufficiency, hypothyroidism with consistent use of lithium. However, it is advised that the doctor should conduct regular laboratory tests and change medication if these risks begin to occur. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Depakote, also known as Valproic acid is a medicine used to treat bipolar. Use of valproic acid causes vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, tremors, and weight gain. Depakote increases the risk for hepatitis and pancreatitis which can be life threatening to the patient if not detected early. The drug decreases clotting factors in the blood, which can cause excessive bleeding in case of an accident. A substitute rug, Carbamazepine causes double vision, ataxia, cognitive impairment, sedation and nausea (Levin & Chisholm, 2015). It also increases the risk of the patient contracting hepatitis, blood abnormalities and severe rash. Carbamazepine also reduces the efficacy of agents in other medications such as the birth control pills.

  1. Antipsychotic medication

Antipsychotic drugs treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and may be combined with antidepressants to treat depression. Antipsychotic drugs help to reduce hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, extreme mood swings, and even depression. Antipsychotic medication interacts with dopamine to regulate the levels of dopamine. Dopamine is a major neurotransmitter in the brain that affects how we feel as well as control of muscles. (Levin & Chisholm, 2015).  If the dopamine system is overactive, it causes a person to experience delusions, hallucinations and thought disorder. Antipsychotic drugs are different from other mental treatments because they make the patient get better without making him or she feel drowsy. However, a large dose of these medicines causes drowsiness, and it is only administered in such amounts if the patient is distressed or over agitated.

There are two types of medications namely typical and atypical antipsychotics. The typical or the old generation antipsychotics block actions of the dopamine, which results in low libido, low blood pressure, stiffness, slowness, restlessness, and breast swelling and tenderness

(Bersani et.al, 2013). Typical antipsychotics include hardol, orap, largactil, Stelazine and dolmatil. The doctor usually prescribes anticholinergic drugs such as orphenadrine, used for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. It is used to control side effects of the typical drugs. In the long term, one out of twenty patients using typical antipsychotics gets tardive dyskinesia, continuous and involuntary movement of the tongue, mouth, and jaw (Miklowitz et.al, 2014).

Atypical psychotics work the same as older generation antipsychotics, but they block dopamine to a lesser extent. Examples of atypical antipsychotics are solian, Abilify, Zyprexa, Seroquel, Risperdal and Clozaril (Bersani et.al, 2013). They also work on the serotonin, which reduces the effect of potential side effects. Doctors to treat depression also use atypical antipsychotics, and when they are combined with antidepressants, they treat schizophrenia much more efficiently. Compared to older generation drugs, atypical medication is less likely to cause tardive dyskinesia and Parkinson related effects and more likely to result in weight gain, diabetes, and low libido. Atypical antipsychotics help much better with poor self-care, motivation, and lack of interest much better than old generation antipsychotics (Bersani et.al, 2013). Clozapine is the most effective antipsychotic since it has proved to deliver better results than any other drug and it reduces suicidal feeling in schizophrenic patients. However, clozapine may affect the patient’s bone marrow, which reduces the number of blood cells and can consequently increase the risk of infection (Levin & Chisholm, 2015). The effects of drug therapy are difficult to monitor, but they provide mentally ill patients a better quality of life.
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Brain Stimulation Therapies

There are many types of brain stimulation therapy namely electroconvulsive therapy, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and vagus nerve stimulation (Berke, 2012).

  1. Electroconvulsive therapy

In electroconvulsive therapy, electrodes are attached to the head while the patient is sedated. A series of electric shocks are delivered to the patient to induce a seizure. Electroconvulsive therapy has shown tremendous improvement among patients with severe depression. However, these patients experience temporary memory loss (Berke, 2012). Contrary to how the treatment option has been portrayed in the media, electroconvulsive therapy is safer because it has fewer side effects compared to drug therapy.
ECT causes headaches and muscle aches to patients after the procedure. Some patients become distressed and may be frightened during the recovery process. However, these symptoms for most patients after few hours of treatment with the help of nurses who administer pain killers (Liu et.al, 2014). ECT is known to cause temporary memory loss and confusion after the procedure. ECT causes contraction of the patient’s jaws, which may damage his tongue, lips, and teeth in cases where the patient has dentures or bridges. Long-term memory problems are likely from a series of ECT procedures conducted for an extended period (Liu et.al, 2014). A few patients may complain about personality changes after the ECT procedures which implies that they have lost skills or traits they had before therapy.

  1. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

TMS is a non-invasive procedure that involves placing a coil on the scalp that generates magnetic fields for few seconds in the treatment of depression and other brain disorders. This process is repeated in the course of a twenty minutes session. The magnetic field stimulates the brain to alleviate mental illness that have antidepressant medication has failed to cure. TMS has a few side effects such as headaches, discomfort in the area of stimulation, light-headedness and spasm of the facial muscles. In rare cases, patients under TMS experience mania especially for bipolar patients, hearing loss and seizures (Bersani et.al, 2013). However, a doctor cannot use TMS for patients with medical conditions such as brain tumors or CSF shunts. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

  1. Vagus nerve stimulation

VNS is a procedure that uses electrical impulses to stimulate brain centers that regulate motivation, sleep, mood, and appetite. VNS is used for the treatment of recurring and chronic depression and bipolar mental disorder. VNS acts as a pacemaker for the brain because it delivers electrical impulses to the brain at regular intervals. Unlike TMS, the doctor surgically implants a VNS device in the upper chest and connects it to the vagus nerve (Berke, 2012) Studies indicate that VNS has improved the quality of life and relapse rates for depressive episodes of 30 percent patients with chronic depression and type II bipolar. However, rapid cycling bipolar, schizophrenia, acute suicidal behavior, and severe personality disorders exclude some patients from receiving VNS. Mentally ill patients with progressive neurological disorders, previous brain injury, lung problems, vasovagal syncope, heart arrhythmias, and sleep apnea do not qualify for VNS therapy (Liu et.al, 2014). Patients who fail to respond to psychotherapy and drugs are the only ones allowed to use brain stimulation therapies as a last resort.


Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is a therapy that involves creating a supportive relationship between the psychiatrist and the patient. An accepting and empathetic environment helps the patient to identify sources of problems and develop alternatives to solve them. Emotional insight helps the person with the mental disorder to change his behavior and attitude and live a more satisfying life. However, in cases where the patient has chronic mental illness, psychotherapy is not sufficient and requires drug and brain stimulating therapies (Steinman, 2009). There are six types of psychotherapy namely psychoanalysis, supportive psychotherapy, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and interpersonal therapy.

Supportive psychotherapy entails developing a supportive environment that allows a personal with a mental disorder to express his emotions that help with problem-solving. However, this form of therapy receives petite time and resources in the professional training curriculum which leaves a significant number of professionals on the fundamental process and nature of supportive psychotherapy. Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy where the patient attempts to say whatever comes to mind (Miklowitz et.al, 2014). This information helps to understand patterns of behavior. Behavioral and cognitive therapy identifies distortions in thinking and how they affect the patient’s their daily lives. However, these forms of psychotherapy do not provide solutions to the patient and must be combined with drug therapy or supportive psychotherapy.

Bersani, F. S., Minichino, A., Enticott, P. G., Mazzarini, L., Khan, N., Antonacci, G., … & Fitzgerald, P. B. (2013). Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation as a treatment for psychiatric disorders: a comprehensive review. European Psychiatry28(1), 30-39.

Berke, J. H. (2012). Beyond Madness: Psychosocial interventions in psychosis. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
Leucht, S., Cipriani, A., Spineli, L., Mavridis, D., Örey, D., Richter, F. & Kissling, W. (2013). Comparative efficacy and tolerability of 15 antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia: a multiple-treatments meta-analysis. The Lancet382(9896), 951-962.

Levin, C., & Chisholm, D. (2015). Cost-effectiveness and affordability of interventions, policies, and platforms for the prevention and treatment of mental, neurological, and substance use disorders. Mental, neurological, and substance use disorders: disease control priorities4, 219-36.

Liu, A. Y., Rajji, T. K., Blumberger, D. M., Daskalakis, Z. J., & Mulsant, B. H. (2014). Brain stimulation in the treatment of late-life severe mental illness other than unipolar nonpsychotic depression. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry22(3), 216-240.
McHugh, R. K., Whitton, S. W., Peckham, A. D., Welge, J. A., & Otto, M. W. (2013). Patient preference for psychological vs. pharmacologic treatment of psychiatric disorders: a meta-analytic review. The Journal of clinical psychiatry74(6), 595-602.
Steinman, I. (2009). Treating the “untreatable”: Healing in the realms of madness. London: Karnac Books.

Miklowitz, D. J., Schneck, C. D., George, E. L., Taylor, D. O., Sugar, C. A., Birmaher, B., … & Axelson, D. A. (2014). Pharmacotherapy and Family-focused treatment for adolescents with bipolar I and II disorders: a 2-year randomized trial. American Journal of Psychiatry.