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The Bible Believers website as an excellently designed website that provides a reader with insight on matters of the Holocaust. The author uses statistics to deliver the message that the Holocaust was a hoax. The Holocaust has been an issue that has made the world understand the consequences of war and the extreme manners in which people are likely to act. This website effectively addresses the author’s opinion that the Holocaust was a hoax, and this is shown based on his expectations. He expects that people will come to agree with his opinion that the Jews have been deceiving the world for decades. From a personal perspective, I would consider this review as effective and insightful as it provides different details for people to relate with the accusations made against the Nazis (Weber, 2016). Therefore, some of the factors that I considered while evaluating this website include the use of statistical information and real life experiences.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Response 1
I also realize that the website makes use of a neutral language in an insightful manner. While the author seeks to make people believe that the Holocaust was a hoax, he is keen to use a language in which the reader gets to make the final decision. This shows why the web content could be considered highly applicable to people of different cultures. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Response 2
The review is also well broken down to make the reader understand the series of events. For a historical event such as the holocaust, it would be vital to consider the logical steps. Max Weber even goes ahead and uses subheadings in the web content to make the information easier for the readers. I expect that a good website should be in a position to make the reader skim through and have insight on what to expect. With this website, it would be simple for people to look through the subtitles and get a general overview.

Response 3
I expected the use of real life events that people could relate with in modern times. This includes the use of current population dynamics to disapprove the details provided during the Holocaust. Max Weber understands that people can easily relate to history while looking at real time events. That would explain why he states that the Holocaust was just a theory through which the Jews could gain global sympathy to help them survive in a politically hostile environment.

Response 4
The most important section of this website review is that it provides a reason for the actions taken by the Jews. The fact that the Jews are offered donations by different countries annually could prove to people why there is motive to keep such a conspiracy ongoing. Such a conclusion tends to add to the author’s main message, which is the Holocaust being a hoax. Based on such an issue, I would not like a website that leaves me in suspense. Therefore, based on this information, I will make my personal decision on whether to agree with the author.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Weber, M. (2016). Is the Holocaust a hoax? Retrieved October 31, 2016, from Bible Believers:


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The ability to effectively support an interest or a cause on one’s behalf or that of others requires set of abilities that include communication, problem solving, collaboration and influence.   It is vital for care nurses to use and develop advocacy skills to address work place concerns, advocate for profession and promote positive working environment (Advocating for Nurses and Nursing, 2016.).[“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In one of the hospitals where I did my 1st placement as a nursing student, nurses were concerned about the increasing occurrence of back injuries. The nursing officer in charge and I approached the medical facility risk manager, who organized a committee to develop a program to reduce the occurrence of back injuries. The nursing staffs were involved in developing the program and testing products. The lifts and the transfer devices available to facilitate safe patient handling and ensure staff safety were reviewed. In addition training and use of the equipment to other health workers was done by the nurses. The nurses also served as champions for eliminating manual lifting of patients. As a result some healthcare cadre adopted the methods while others rejected with the view that they were not involved from the beginning.  [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

It is essential, during the process of advocacy to work with the persons affected by the issue in this case the physiotherapists, patient transporters and physiotherapist. In addition, the advocate should work in collaboration with others in the organization who are interested in solving the issue because these individuals may have expertise that might be beneficial to the effort (Apker, Propp, Ford, & Hofmeister, 2006). Developing a collaborative association with professionals in support department, in this case risk department was instrumental when addressing matters that involve this unit. Similarly seeking out support staff in other settings, such as legislative aid could equally be helpful. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Advocating for Nurses and Nursing. (2016.). News and Perspective.

Apker, J., Propp, K. M., Ford, W. S. Z., & Hofmeister, N. (2006). Collaboration, Credibility, Compassion, and Coordination: Professional Nurse Communication Skill Sets in Health Care Team Interactions. Journal of Professional Nursing22(3), 180–189.


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The health sector has equally benefited from technology. Technology has been employed in the health sector in many ways. Health Informatics refers to the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of healthcare information with the aim of fostering better collaboration among patients and the health care providers. This framework is usually evidence based, and that means it relies on research to determine the cause of issues. In this case, there are different problems facing the implementation of the reforms. These include the slow manner in which people adapted to the system, having a very short time to adapt to the changes, and the reluctance of three physicians to use the system.

Current Issues associated with the Reforms

Slow manner in adopting the reforms
Based on the scenario, it is evident that people took a long time to adapt to the system. The fact that some people are still learning to use the new system still shows why this problem is likely to become persistent. It would be evident to make the query that if the section of the staff that was willing took a very long time then how it could be made better. This needs to consider the fact that some people are willing to learn how to use the system. The study should find ways of ensuring this section of the staff easily adapts with the system.

Limited Time for Implementation
All these changes are expected to take place within three years, and that has proved to be a problem. This is probably due to the difference in people’s experiences while considering technology. The use of health informatics system relies on computers and different software. The fact that people have a difference in understanding also poses a problem in this scenario. Even though some people would be willing to use the system, they will rely on the help of other staff. In addition, based on the scenario, the system is being implemented gradually, and that is likely to complicate the health services. It would be impossible for some section of the hospital to adopt using the system while other relied on the older entry methods. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Reluctance by the Three Physicians
The fact that three physicians appear to oppose the new CPOE shows a challenge in the successful implementation of this system. Physicians play an influential role in such a hospital, and the fact that they are unwilling to participate makes it a big issue. With their influential role, they could easily sabotage operations among the junior staff. This explains why it this case has some nurses feel as if they are caught in a dilemma.


Based on these different issues with the CPOE, many recommendations could be made to make the situation better. A better situation is defined by a hospital in which all section of the staff adapts the use of CPOE, and positive results are seen based on service delivery. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The use of different vendors
The use of different vendors will ensure that the different departments have efficient systems (HIMMS, 2013). This is based on the fact that the laboratory cannot operate on the same system as the pharmacy. The hospital management will need to look for different vendors and then decide on the best programs, based on the different departments. Such a system will ensure that all members of staff have the chance to find a system to which they could easily adapt. From a practical point of view, the accounts departments could have a program that is based on financial elements while the laboratory use programs with a lot of editorial input. That would make training the staff easier as they would have programs with which they are familiar. Even though the system needs to have different vendors, they should still be linked so that people in different departments can access whatever information needed. In addition, this will enable the integration of the system to different departments within the stated three-year deadline.

Merging the Informatics System between the two medical centers
The use of different vendors should also consider the fact that two hospitals are merging. This means that there will be a huge amount of data to be stored in the process (Practice Fusion, 2016). The system should be able to integrate the data from the two medical centers for efficient service provision. For instance, should a patient visit one center after using the other in the past, the nurses or physicians should be in a position to pull their records from the system. This will improve efficiency, as that is one of the reasons behind the integration of a CPOE.

Conducting a Training Program for the CPOE
Upon the use of different vendors, it would be advisable for the hospital to conduct a training session for different departments (Tulenko, Settle, & Bailey, 2016). The case study shows the management adopting the use of this system categorically according to the departments. For instance, with the upcoming integration of CPOE in the ICU and pediatrics and obstetrics units should involve training sessions for all staff. Engaging in this would ensure none of the staff claims they are unable to use the system. If this were to be implemented in the department in which the three physicians are found then they would not have the excuse of relying on their nurses for entry of orders into the system. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]


The history and development of Health Informatics have involved many changes to offer medical centers the effective systems witnessed in the modern world. The use of different vendors will ensure that all departments find a system with which they can use. While using these different vendors, it is vital that the system messages have a high degree of optionality. This means that the different departments should have their specially designed system while being able to share data. Training is also a vital part of a successful system. In this scenario, the three physicians could claim that they are not familiar with the system. However, when trained, they are likely to appreciate the ease with which they will be operating. Given the fact that this arrangement is based on the merging of two medical centers, data management would be vital to quality service delivery. Patients should be able to access similar services in the two centers. With an efficient system, the hospital staff should be able to access data and find records on any patient. Time is also an important aspect of the integration of this system. Provided the management considers the use of different vendors then that could make the different departments accomplish the use of the system in less than three years. This means it would turn the limited time issue to an opportunity.

HIMMS. (2013, October 31). Evolution of Healthcare Informatics Standards.

Practice Fusion. (2016). Benefits of switching to an electronic health record.

Tulenko, K., Settle, D., & Bailey, R. (2016). Health Informatics Education and Training Programs: Important Factors to Consider. Technical Brief, 1-4.


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Narrators who are unreliable by way of an insane narrator are often used within the context of the story to examine a theme of personal perspective or comment upon society from the perspective of those on the “outside” in some capacity. Such is the case with “Diary of a Madman” by Nikolai Gogol, “The Tell-tale Heart” by Edgar Allen Poe and “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Stetson. The reflections and perceptions of the narrators in each story reflect their position in society and that position manifests itself over time within the context of the world in which they live. In “Diary of a Madman”, Gogol’s titular narrator is the least self-aware with his ever loosening grip on reality. This reflects his skewed perception of the social order in nineteenth century Russia. Poe’s unnamed narrator in “The Tell-tale Heart”shows a bit more self -awareness as he constantly refers to the reader’s supposed assumption of his madness. However, he constantly endeavors to assure the reader of his sanity, never considering the possibility that the climactic scene could be the result of auditory hallucinations. Though Poe purposefully kept the reasoning behind the narrator’s madness and eventual murder ambiguous, he refers to his personal sensitivity as a “disease [that had] sharpened my senses” (Poe 1). He remarks upon the victims “evil eye” as the cause of his agitation. One can interpret that this is a manifestation of the narrator’s internal guilt being perceived in the outside world. Finally, the narrator from “The Yellow Wallpaper” is made to question her own sanity from the beginning. She is diagnosed with “temporary nervous depression” and is prescribed a restrictive rest cure. She actively works despite her physician husband and brother’s recommendation that she rest as she disagrees with their assertion that she is required to avoid excitement, however, as a woman she is made fully aware of how others perceive her and often expresses her shortcomings through the context of her husband. “He knows there is no reason to suffer and that satisfies him” (Stetson 649). Unreliable narrators are storytelling devices for the author to provide insight into the world of the story. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

For his short story “Diary of a Madman”, Nikolai Gogol chose to write in the first person from an unreliable narrator. This was a very deliberate choice particularly of note considering Gogol more often chose to write in the third person. The titular narrator is a low-level civil servant and his acute awareness of his placement in society appears to be a driving motivation behind his delusions. He is preoccupied with status and ceremony. He says of his workplace “…truly, were it not for this official propriety, I should have long ago sent in my resignation” (Gogol 3).  Initially, his predisposition to insanity only manifests itself within his harried habits and movements. His supervisor notes this. “For sometime past he has been in the habit of saying to me ‘Look here, my friend; there is something wrong with your head. You often rush about as though you were possessed” (3). The hallucinations and delusions truly begin, however, when the narrator spots and becomes infatuated with the director’s daughter. He immediately becomes convinced that her dog is not only speaking to other dogs, but corresponding with them via letters. He is painfully aware of the class difference between the director’s daughter and himself noting that her hand kercheif “had the scent of a general’s rank” (6). The allusions to class and rank within “Diary of a Madman” could be seen as a criticism of the class obsessed society in nineteenth century Russia. In his preoccupation with such things, the narrator’s perception of the world becomes increasingly absurd and he fails to question the clarity of such perception as it aligns just as logically as everything else.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

The narrator of “The Tell-Tale Heart” takes a more ambivalent approach to his own madness. He frequently states that any outside observer would consider him insane but goes through a good deal of effort attempting to convince them otherwise. He asserts that his calmness and how strategically he committed murder are evidence that he is, in fact, sane. “Madmen know nothing. But you should have seen me. You should have seen how wisely I proceeded- with what caution-with what foresight- with what dissimulation I went to work” (1). “The Tell-Tale Heart” differs from the other two stories to which is compared in that the narrator’s madness appears to be the result of internal scrutiny, the source of which is never revealed. The narrator cites the victim’s eye as the cause of his desire to murder. It is as if the eye sees the narrator’s internal flaws and short-comings. Just before the deed is committed, the protagonist parallels himself with his victim. “…it was the low stifled sound that arises from the bottom of the soul when overcharged with awe. I know that sound well[…]it has welled up from my own bosom” (2). Poe later parallels the protagonist with the victim literally when he is seated directly above the dismembered corpses of the old man. In “The Tell-Tale Heart” the narrator’s frequent assertion of his own sanity is a manifestation of his actual ambivalence about both his sanity and true nature.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Finally, Charlotte Perkins Stetson’s “The Yellow Wallpaper” is an early feminist polemic on the treatment of women within Victorian society. The narrator is a middle class woman confined to a strict rest cure by her physician husband who often disregards her desires and misunderstands her needs as fancies of an overactive imagination. “He says that my imaginative power and habit of story-making, a nervous weakness like min is sure to lead to all manner of excited fancies” (649). As a woman, the narrator is considered less competent than the men in her life.  As a result of growing up within such a society  this she has internalized  such beliefs and thus views herself from a critical lens. Rather than validating her own feelings towards the rest cure, she writes her reaction of as senseless. “I get unreasonably angry with John sometimes” (648). When her sanity begins to deteriorate, she presumes that it is a hysteria from overexertion rather than the actual maddening lack of stimulus and activity. “It is getting to be a great effort for me to think straight. Just this nervous weakness, I suppose” (652). By the time the narrator begins to behave in a manner that reflects her ever worsening insanity, she assumes that she is behaving within the perimeters of what has been established as acceptable: confining herself in the room while creeping along it’s internal boundaries and allowing herself her true pleasures out of view of her husband and sister-in-law. She believes that she is a product of unreasonable fancy and as a result has plunged further into her delusions of entrapment than she would have had she been merely allowed to live as she pleased. Unlike the male narrators in “Diary of a Madman” and “The Tell-Tale Heart”, she never questions the diagnosis that she is unwell, she only questions the method of treatment. Stetson uses the narrator’s description of her life at the mansion as a way of criticizing the restrictive, patriarchal society at the time.

“Diary of a Madman”, “The Tell-Tale Heart” and “The Yellow Wallpaper” all have narrators that are made unreliable by way of insanity. However, all three characters are very different in their self-perception and admission to their own delusional outlook. It is through these differences that it is clear that the message the writers wish to convey to the reader as well as the aspects of their society they wanted to reexamine have diverse aims. All three are outsiders whose behavior deviates from what is considered acceptable within the rest of society, but it is the way in which they are outsiders that sells the message of each story. The protagonist of “Diary of a Mad Man” is an individual lacking status in a class obsessed society. The unnamed narrator in “The Tell-Tale Heart” is an ambivalent psychopath who interprets and old man’s blind eye as judgment of his being.  Finally, the woman in “The Yellow Wallpaper” is a woman and is the product of the role in which the society of the time has placed her. In this way, all three writers utilize the device of the unreliable narrator with varying results.

Works Cited
Gogol, Nikolai. “Diary of a Madman”. Translated by Claud Field. Feedbooks, 1835.

Poe, Edgar Allen. “The Tell-Tale Heart”. The University of Virginia, 1853.

Stetson, Charlotte Perkins. “The Yellow Wallpaper”. The New England Magazine, vol.11, no. 5, 1892, pp. 647-657


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Transformational Leadership Theory
Transformational leadership is a form of leadership where the leader seeks to transform individuals. The leader will closely work with individuals to realize the needed change. The transformational leader creates a vision which inspires the subordinates to become committed members of a working group (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). As a result, transformational leadership is geared towards enhancing the morale, motivation, and performance of the followers through different means. For instance, in executing a project, the leader can connect the workers’ sense of identity to the project. This creates a kind of collective identity which promotes the realization of objectives. A transformational leader acts as a role model to the followers with a focus on inspiring them and raising their interests in the project (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). The leader will challenge the workers to have a greater sense of ownership to their work. More importantly, a transformational leader fully understands the strengths and weaknesses of their followers thus aligning every worker with the appropriate task.

Developing the Vision
One assumption that underlies transformational leadership is that people will generally follow the person who inspires them most. In this regard, an individual who has vision and power to influence change will get the most followers. A transformational leader seeks to inject change and enthusiasm into their followers to make them more productive in the workplace (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). In many cases, being a transformational leader can be an uplifting experience. The leader takes everything into focus and greatly cares about the followers. For a transformational leader in charge of a project, the first step is always to develop the vision within the team (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). The success of the project largely depends on the presence of a clear vision understood by all workers and stakeholders. The leader will develop the vision while taking account of all future dynamics. The vision must be prepared in a way that excites and converts all followers. The important factor is to ensure that all workers buy into the vision and work towards its realization.

Selling the Vision
After the leader has developed a clear vision, it is then necessary to sell the vision. While managing a team, selling the vision should be undertaken continuously. A transformational leader will take every opportunity to convince all parties to join the bandwagon and work towards the fulfillment of the objectives (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). Selling the vision takes much time and effort, and this requires great energy and commitment on the part of the leader. It is expected that some people within the team will readily accept the vision while others will be slow to accept. A transformational leader creates followers by creating trust amongst people (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). More importantly, the leader leads by example through high personal integrity. In this way, the leader will sell themselves while also selling the vision. For a transformational leader, the core idea is to make people see hope and betterment when they look at the leader. As a result, the leader must always strive to positively reflect in the eyes of the followers so as to gain their trust and commitment. In managing a team, the trust is paramount since it makes everyone committed to the goals of the team. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Finding a Way Forward
In the same breath as selling the vision, the transformational leader will also find a way forward. In many cases, the transformational leader will understand the right path and will then require others to follow (Northouse, 2010). In other situations, the leader might not have a working strategy and will therefore explore options with support from the team. While the right path might not always be obvious, it is only necessary for the leader to have a clear vision so that they can have proper direction. In a team environment, the team leader can brainstorm with the group members on the right course of action to be taken in case of a challenge. Nevertheless, a transformational leader understands that failures and blind canyons are often inevitable and must be faced along the way (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). The focus is, therefore, to make progress even amid the failures. In managing a team, challenges often abound, and the leader must motivate the group to nurture their spirit and achieve success.

Directing Change
In the course of managing a team, the transformational leader remains upfront and central. The leader must be visible and fully participate in the undertakings of the team. By demonstrating their attitudes and actions, leaders inspire the followers to strive and follow (Northouse, 2010). For a leader, the main idea is to rally and motivate the followers. The leader will continually make rounds to see how the team members are performing and address any challenges they face. The leader must listen, motivate, and inspire the followers at every stage. It is recognized that in every group undertaking, problems will occasionally arise. The real test for a leader comes during such challenges since followers will require guidance from the leader. For instance, when team members begin to question the vision and cast doubts on its feasibility, it is upon the leader to give them hope (Northouse, 2010). The transformational leader seeks to infuse commitment and vision into the followers by becoming people-oriented and believing in success.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Every leader seeks to create change within a team or an organization. For many followers, the dream is always to be like the leader in some way. In many cases, the followers are a reflection of the leader. Transformational leaders are largely charismatic and succeed by believing in others rather than believing in themselves (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). One challenge faced by transformational leaders is distinguishing between passion and truth. While it is acknowledged that a lot can be achieved through enthusiasm, many passionate people have led others into oblivion and failure. The passion and energy that enables people to pursue success can also make them give up. As a result, the transformational leader must not apply too much energy to the extent of de-motivating the followers. In managing a team, the leader should understand the abilities of every member and make them work within their limits (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). A transformational leader is inspired by positive transformation and is frustrated when no change occurs. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

A transformational leader takes personal accountability and this ensures they work hard to avoid mistakes. Similarly, such leaders must be flexible and be ready to experiment with different options. In a team environment, it is always important to explore different avenues of achieving success (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). A leader should, therefore, be liberal enough to allow the members to introduce different ideas with a focus on achieving objectives. The leader should connect with his/her strengths, values, and purpose. This enables the leader to be courageous and resilient even in the face of challenges and stress. The leader, therefore, seeks every opportunity to bring change to the work and will not resist changes and dynamics brought through technology or other factors. Transformational leadership is often associated with positive outcomes when compared to other leadership styles (Boerner & Gebert, 2012). This arises since this form of leadership stresses on commitment, the well-being of the followers, and role clarity.

Contingency Leadership Theory
Behavioral theories of leadership can enable managers to develop particular behaviors. However, such approaches offer limited guidance on how to ensure effective leadership in different situations (Northouse, 2010). In managing an organization or a team, circumstances and situations will often change thus creating the need for the leader to adapt accordingly. No single leadership style can be applied in all cases. In this regard, the contingency model of leadership proposes that the method to be used should be contingent upon the factors at hand (Northouse, 2010). Changing tasks, people, situations, and environmental variables will compel the leader to change their leadership style to guide people. It should be realized that leadership is often shaped by contextual matters hence leaders prefer to display different behaviors depending on the situation. The contingency leadership theories directly relate to the trait theory. Human traits change depending on the circumstances people face (Northouse, 2010). As a result, a leader will express their leadership in a manner that will make their followers responsive. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Fiedler’s Contingency Model
Created in the 1960s by Fred Fiedler, the Fiedler’s Contingency model proposes that no single style of leadership can help an organization in all situations (Northouse, 2010). In managing a team, the leader will be confronted with different circumstances. For instance, some projects have very strict timelines while others have ample time. In this regard, the leader must effectively push their members depending on the time available. In applying this model within a team environment, the leader should first identify the style of leadership necessary for the situation at hand. The leader will then determine the situational favorableness, which depends on the relationship between the leader and the members as well as the structure of the task to be accomplished (Northouse, 2010). A leader that is more trusted within the group has more influence over the group and is therefore at a higher favorable situation. Similarly, when the task is clearly structured, it favors the leader as opposed to when it is unstructured and vague.

In order to ascertain whether the task of relationship within the team is appropriate, the leader should ask various questions. In some cases, when the leadership style does not match the situation, the leader could be ineffective. It is occasionally necessary to change the situation rather than the leadership style (Peretomode, 2012). For instance, if the relationship between the leader and the followers is poor, the leader should not change the leadership style but focus on mending the relationship. This can be achieved by listening more to the team members, showing interest in them and spending more time with them to understand their personal issues. A leader who commands a lot of position power can choose not to use it. They can simply become more engaged with the team members to make them understand better for the interest of achieving the objectives of the group (Peretomode, 2012). Fiedler’s model, therefore, stresses on the need to change the situation and not the style of leadership. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Hersey-Blanchard Model
The Hersey-Blanchard model adopts the situational approach to leadership. According to this model, the nature of the situation faced by the leader and the type of subordinates to be managed play a great role in determining the appropriate style of leadership to adopt (Peretomode, 2012). In a team environment, a leader could be in charge of very knowledgeable people who fully understand the task at hand. In another situation, a leader could be in charge of a group of individuals who need directions in every aspect. The leader is required to offer both guidance and socio-emotional support to the followers (Peretomode, 2012). The direction relates to the extent to which the leader goes in guiding members through the duties and responsibilities. It involves telling the members what to do, how to do it, and at what place. Communication in this manner is largely one way. The leader will realize that different people within the group have different maturity levels depending on the task and every member, therefore, requires special attention.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Action Centered Leadership
The action-centered leadership model was proposed by John Adair as a form of contingency leadership. The Adair model suggests that the leader will get the work done on time through teamwork and cooperation with fellow managers (Peretomode, 2012). The leader should, therefore, offer direction by carefully structuring the job in a manner that fits the people. The leader should also review and support every individual engaged in the work. When managing a team, the leader will allocate duties to every member to fast track the completion of the task. Every person must be given tasks on the basis of their abilities and guided appropriately (Peretomode, 2012). Also, the team leader is required to foster teamwork within the group and ensure the members work collectively towards meeting the objectives. Work and resources must be allocated well, and quality control mechanisms should be put in place. The leader has a duty to maintain discipline and build a team spirit while encouraging and motivating members. Those who perform better should be praised and rewarded (Peretomode, 2012). The members will, therefore, strive to deliver their best towards the achievement of the group’s objectives. It is therefore seen that the success of a team depends greatly on the nature of leadership. A leader should understand the situation and the resources at hand and apply the appropriate means of achieving the objectives. While challenges will abound, proper leadership revolves around managing these difficulties.

Boerner, S., & Gebert, D. (2012). Fostering artistic ensemble performance: Exploring the role of transformational leadership. Nonprofit Management and Leadership22(3), 347-365.

Northouse, P. G. (Ed.). (2010). Leadership: Theory and practice (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Peretomode, O. (2012). Situational and contingency theories of leadership: Are they the same? IOSR Journal of Business and Management4(3), 13-17.


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Whenever initiating a business venture, the main dream and aspiration of an entrepreneur is to create a thriving entity that brings significant revenue. Other than that, individuals also have their personal and organizational visions and objectives, which they aim to achieve after a given time. Achieving most of these goals and purposes requires businesses to expand their operations. These entities usually have to expand their activities by adopting a large-scale change in the process. In such cases, the operations are no longer done on a small scale. In consequence, Whitewash Enterprises, a company focused on producing detergents and soaps, plans to expand its operations from the current state to cover a greater market and make bigger revenues. Consequently, this discussion explores a new vision statement and other critical issues that are essential for Whitewash’s move.

Initiating Change in the Company
It is important to note that large-scale changes are only satisfied when aligned with the goals of a change effort. Before explaining some of the changes to be initiated and adopted successfully in the organization, there is a need to identify a few vital pointers. For instance, five principles are important as they help support cultural changes during large-scale transformational changes. These include making the changes at three levels (team, individual, and organization), connecting personal beliefs to the results of the company, and making disciplined implementation of the cultural changes (Heckelman, Unger, & Garofano, 2013). Besides the three, the changes should be initiated using the approach “leader-led learning” and finally using technology to leverage communication and reporting, consequently reinforcing the cultural changes. This form of learning involves running regular training sessions on teams and individuals selected by the manager. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Large-scale organizational changes are usually made in four processes: pattern breaking, visioning, experimenting, and bonding and attunement. It thus explains why Barczak, Smith, and Wilemon (1987) describe large-scale changes as a modular concept that restructures organizations using different subsystems. Barczak et al. (1987) further discuss that a change in the corporate vision, in this case, demonstrates the efforts of adapting to the changes. This process cannot work on its own unless a plan is created that ensures that scaling up and transitions involved flow as smoothly as possible. Most of the professionals in business identify several tasks in the creation of a plan. These include creating a vision, assessing the scalability of the business, filling the information gap necessary, and creating scaling up plan as well (Akgün, Keskin, Byrne, & Ilhan, 2014). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Scaling up entails expansion, replication, or collaboration depending on the level of control the original company maintains. As Cooley and Kohl (2006) note, expansion normally involves increasing the scope of operation of the organization that developed it. Whitewash Enterprises will use the expansion method, which will encompass restructuring the company to meet specific demands of clients in different areas. However, growth will be the primary source of scaling, in this case, involving the opening up of new branches in prospective locations to increase sales (Cooley & Kohl, 2006). Thus, the company’s vision will be expanded to target a larger market share not only within the area but also within the region. In this case, instead of targeting households, it will also incorporate corporates as well since they also demand cleaning services. However, this might involve liaising or making a contractual agreement with cleaning companies to supply them with the necessary materials at a better rate. As such, the company will end up serving a larger market in the process since it will still be serving the households, as well as the corporate. Consequently, the revenues of the firm will be expected to rise in the process. In order to avoid some of the issues associated with employee adoption of change, it might be important to involve them in the change process as well. These changes could be shared throughout the firm using technology such as emails combined with traditional communication techniques like one-on-one communication between management and the company’s stakeholders. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

In sum, the management of change within the context of an organization is usually a complicated task that should be worked out at all its functional levels. However, these changes typically need to be made at three levels involving the team, individual, and organization, which will ensure that all the stakeholders are participating in the change process. This discussion has identified pointers necessary for the change process, the changes in vision, and the requirement in the course of scaling up.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Akgün, A. E, Keskin, H., Byrne, J. C., & Ilhan, Ö. Ö. (2014). Complex adaptive systemmechanisms, adaptive management practices, and firm product innovativeness. R&D Management44(1), 18-41.

Barczak, G., Smith, C., & Wilemon, D. (1987). Managing large-scale organizational change. Organizational Dynamics16(1), 23-35.

Cooley, L., Kohl, R., & Glass, R. (2006). Scaling up—from vision to large-scale change: A management framework for practitioner. R. Glass (ed.). Washington, D.C.: Management Systems International. Retrieved from

Heckelman, W. L., Unger, S., & Garofano, C. (2013). Driving culture transformation during large-scale change. OD Practitioner45(3), 25-30.


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Schools require management and this makes it necessary that the administration chooses the most effective styles. The use of zero tolerance policy is common with some schools but then there is a lot of controversy on whether it is a successful option. People have different arguments for and against this management style especially with regard to school management. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

People who support this policy in school argue that it is effective in ensuring that students are responsible in all activities. For instance, students should never bring guns to schools. With a zero tolerance policy, the students will obviously know that when they are caught with such an offense then they will be automatically expelled without any second chance (Fanny, 2016). This policy is also geared towards protecting the safety of the students. In many cases, students prove that they are incapable of making mature decisions and that makes it the sole responsibility of the administration to deliver the same. Providing students a chance to participate in management will mean time wastage, as they cannot make any meaningful contribution. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Such a policy gives the school administration all the powers needed to protect the students. With such a policy, it would be possible for the administration to determine the troublesome students and discipline them without affecting the others. If the school has a well-defined policy, then this management style would be able to deliver based on such a management style. The parents and student will have a clear understanding of what is required of them and what to avoid (Fanny, 2016). This could be compared to how the society operates. People are expected to engage in specific activities. Should they choose to engage in other activities such as crime then the government gets to prosecute them based on well-defined laws. This is similar to the zero tolerance approach that never wants to take chances with the safety of students. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]References

Fanny. (2016). Do zero tolerance policies in schools work? Retrieved October 15, 2016, from Debate:


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Topic Chosen: Virtual Meetings Proliferate

Effectiveness of Virtual Meetings as a Replacement for Face-to-Face Conversations
Virtual meetings have become a common aspect of present day business operations for multinational companies due to their activities often taking place in different countries around the world. They are a far more affordable and expedient method of staying up-to-date with how an offshored branch of the company is operating and whether there are issues that need to be mitigated. It also acts as an effective means of establishing business deals with international suppliers due to the shorter amount of time required to talk to whoever is in charge.

However, despite these obvious advantages, various critics have pointed out that companies should not perceive virtual meetings as a “one size fits all” solution when it comes to establishing a means for communication and collaboration within and outside of the company. For example, researchers such as Smith (2014) pointed out that virtual meetings are not as productive as face-to-face conversations when it comes to proper project management. Evidence of this was noted in the development process behind Windows Vista wherein development groups in the United States and India often clashed when it came to implementing particular aspects of the operating system (Smith, 2014). [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

While cultural differences were one of the reasons behind the lackluster development cycle, it was noted that differences in time zones and the fact that the participants in the virtual meeting simply wanted it to be over and done with contributed significantly to the problems experienced by Microsoft at the time. Smith (2014) explained that such an issue centered on how virtual meetings, even those using web cameras, were not perceived under the same context as a face-to-face conversation by the participants. As a result, the dynamism that would normally be present when it comes to traditional methods of communication is simply not present which results in less interest in talks taking place. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

There are some theories behind this ranging from a lack of sufficient body language to how people perceive virtual conversations; regardless of the potential reasons why this occurs, it is still a fact that virtual communications can be considered as being somewhat “lacking” when compared to their face-to-face counterparts. Despite this, it is a far too useful means of communication to dismiss outright. As such, this paper will investigate what sort of conversations would be best for virtual meetings and which would be an ineffective use of this medium of communication.

Why this Topic was Selected
Through this analysis, companies will be able to see that virtual meetings are not a “one size fits all” solution and that they should be limited to only a select number of activities. It is the assumption of this paper that conversations that require extensive collaboration and cooperation, such as those involving software development, should not rely on virtual meetings due to the lack of direct interaction between the participants.

Technical Communication: Lessons Learned from Using Virtual Meetings
Going back to the example involving Microsoft and the issues surrounding the development process of Windows Vista, technical communication is one of the activities that should not be conducted during virtual meetings. The basis for this assertion lies in the lack of direct interaction that occurs between the participants involved. For example, there are many cases where, in one form or another, you have called a customer service hotline to fix a problem encountered with a device that you have bought.

Having to rely on verbal or visual instructions (if the service has online technical assistance) can be frustrating, and you cannot help but think that it would be far easier if they were there in person to assist you. This is the very same problem encountered by the Windows Vista development teams where they had to cooperate and analyze reported problems despite being located in different countries. The problem with visual and verbal cues is that the parties involved in the conversation are operating under completely different perspectives which limit the amount of information that can be exchanged (Levans, 2014). Due to the lack of direct interaction, those involved are also subject to cultural and language barriers which add another layer of complexity to the problems they are experiencing. [Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Major Milestones
While a technical problem could be potentially fixed via an online conversation, as evidenced by the success of virtual technical support teams for companies (ex: Apple), the technical problems experienced by corporations when it comes to their own systems or during product and software development are far more complex. There have been several milestones in the development of solutions to this issue ranging from better collaborative software and programs that allow users to see what is going on in a computer screen despite being several miles away (Levans, 2014). However, these are still not adequate replacements for a person actually being there and do not address issues that do not involve computer programming (ex: a management issue in an offshored location). Based on this, it is not recommended that businesses utilize virtual meetings to solve complex technical or managerial problems; instead, it is more advisable to use this method of communication to indicate something wrong and have someone come over to the location where the problem has been identified.

Boardroom Meetings  
Whether it is updates on current operations within the company or developing plans for future product launches, boardroom meetings are a common sight in businesses around the world. Due to the increased complexity of multinational operations, many boardrooms come equipped with VOIP or video conferencing equipment. This helps to reduce the amount of money the company spends when it comes to bringing in the directors of their foreign market operations to keep the main branch of the company updated (Eccles, 2010). However, it must be questioned whether virtual meetings are an adequate replacement for the person being there due to the lack of face-to-face interaction taking place.

Unlike technical communication, board room meetings focus more on information dissemination rather than data utilization. While what is going on during the meetings is important, the information that is being given is not meant to be acted upon until after the meeting. The participants are supposed to attend, present information and deliberate on the path that the company should take with its current operations (Eccles, 2010). Based on this, direct interaction between those involved does not seem to be necessary and, as such, the use of VOIP or video conferencing technology appears to be an appropriate method of attending a board room meeting.

Future Trends and Developments: Overcoming the Limits of Virtual Meetings
The two examples of common situations involving communication within a company show the applicability and inapplicability of virtual meetings. Conversing through Skype, Blue Jeans or any other VOIP or video conferencing provider is one of the easiest ways of having a conversation with someone that is located in another country; however, it does not provide the necessary means of direct interaction that some activities require (McCrea, 2015). One of the potential ways in which this can be addressed has been the growing developments in the field of VR development. Through this technology, corporations could simulate being in a particular location via VR and this could potentially resolve the limits of present day virtual meetings that have been identified.  [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Through what has been shown so far, the appropriate measure of when virtual meeting should be used is based on how the information that is currently being disseminated is meant to be used. Virtual meetings are effective replacements for face-to-face conversations if distance is an issue; however, they are not an effective replacement when direct interactions are required as seen in the problems outlined in the section on technical communication. Information that is meant to be utilized later on or is not meant to be acted on immediately as seen in the case of a boardroom meeting shows the appropriate context behind an appropriate virtual meeting. Companies should take the information that has been presented in this paper as a guideline when it comes to deciding when or when not to use VOIP or video conferencing as a means of communication and collaboration for particular activities.

Reference List
Eccles, R. (2010). Online Meeting Tips. Medical Meetings37(7), 37.

Levans, M. A. (2014). Meeting the omni-channel fulfillment challenge. Logistics Management,   53(12), 9.

McCrea, B. (2015). Special Report: Virtual Conference Wrap Up. Supply Chain Management      Review, S54.

Smith, R. S. (2014). Collaborative Bandwidth: Creating Better Virtual Meetings. Organization             Development Journal32(4), 15.


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Essay One: How Are Information Systems Transforming Business and What Is Their Relationship to Globalization?

Information Systems and Business

A comparison of the way business was conducted one hundred years ago, and the manner in which business is conducted today proves a stark difference. There are very many changes within the business and also in its surrounding. However, by far the largest change has been technological. The scope of this change as well as the magnitude results from the wide spread of application of technology. Since new technology is applied both within the business as well as outside, it has led to major improvements ranking it as among the major changes in business over the past few years.[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

The advent of technology has brought with it improved efficiency in managing the workings of a business. This has largely been possible through the continual development of information systems and their integration into the business world. At the most basic, an information system represents the totality of components – usually computerized – of a business that interact with one another for efficiency of the business operation. These components will usually handle operations such as collection, organization, storage, recovery and processing of all relevant information pertinent to the business (Kroenke, 2015). The advantage of these systems is in their ability to enable better decision making in the business by simplifying numerous amounts of data and enabling better visualization and analysis (Singh, 2007).

Information systems impact to management. From the definition provided by Kroenke (2015, pp. 10-11) and the extended explanation by Singh (2007, pp. 30-32), it is evident that information systems have transformed businesses. From a managerial perspective, the biggest impact of information systems has been in enabling better analysis of the huge amount of data generated by the business. The computerized information systems allow for better visualization of business data that can easily be processed into meaningful information. Such enables the management to make better decisions backed by data and figures. In similar light, better, flexible, and timely forecasts are made once the managers have a record of historical information. The managers are, therefore, able to effectively carry out their role of maximizing shareholder value, and present them with comprehensive and meaningful reports (Information Resources Management Association, 2010, pp. 352-353)
Information systems impact to employees. For employees, the introduction of business information systems presents an opportunity for increased innovation. Since the core and repetitive tasks are handled by the information system, other tasks requiring mental aptitude and innovation may now be allocated more resources and time. Therefore, the employees are able to grow as individuals and professionals, and ultimately enjoy better remuneration from their time and achievements. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
Information systems impact to customers. Once a given business integrates the right information system, they are able to relate better with their clients. The implemented systems enable more efficient shopping experiences for customers – both online and at brick and mortar stores. There is better arrangement of goods, better inventory management to ensure there is always stock, and better communication and feedback presentation. This allows for an experience that leaves the customer willing to come back.

The Relationship between Business Information Systems and Globalization

While some businesses will have their products will have their products made in their backyards, or at a store near them, most of today’s enterprises will source products from countries far away. To ensure smooth continuity of the business, and sufficient levels of inventory, there needs to be an efficient means of communication between the manufacturer, distributor and seller. While a telephone call may put things right, there is the task of managing and tracking the goods, which will be left to the mercy of other people. To curb this, the installation of a proper business information system should help straighten matters.

The use of technology has influenced the interconnectedness of not only individuals, but also between businesses, as well as between businesses and individuals. People are now able to share information with others across the globe, purchase something online and have it shipped to a friend or relative across the world, store their documents on the cloud, and work for an individual thousands of miles away. This has been made possible through platforms created by companies such as Apple Inc. Microsoft Corporation, Amazon among others (Beynon-Davies, 2013).[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Essay Two: How Has Internet Technology Changed Business Models?

For the most part, there is a drastic shift in the general business models adopted by companies in the recent past. A large factor behind this shift has been the widespread adaptation of computers and the internet by businesses. This new approach to doing business has led to changes in almost all business operations. From storage of files, to the core logistical operations, contact with clients and even finding new business opportunities across the globe (Kaplan, 2012).

On one front, the use of internet technology has enabled a more level playing ground between businesses. An example is the use of ecommerce to sell a business’ merchandise online. This new platform, has drastically reduced the differences between the traditionally recognized large players and the smaller ones. In addition, entry limitations have been lowered and therefore almost any willing entrepreneur can enter into any business they wish. The offshoring of manufacturing processes to eastern nations has also aided in reducing the required capital assets.

These factors come together to create better business opportunities and together reduce the economies of scale. This new notion has enabled smaller businesses to compete better with their larger counterparts. As such, the ‘big boys’ have had to re-evaluate their approach to business and adopt a strategic shift in the business model of choice.

Storage and Communication

The models of business that were used to enhance communication, both within and to the outside of the business, have rapidly changed over the recent past. The same can be said for the methods of storage. The introduction of computers have eased the way in which companies communicate with their clients. While in the past there was a heavy reliance on letters, nowadays the systems have adopted the use of email, text messages and online portals. Storage has also changed drastically from dependence on manual filing to electronic filing. This new systems have the advantage of faster access, longer and in some cases infinite lifespan of files, better and faster access to documents – that can be accessed from anywhere through an internet connection.

Changing Sales and Advertising Business Models

While businesses traditionally depended on people to go out and find new clients for the businesses, today’s businesses have to adopt new models that take advantage of the newly available resources. Since it is cheaper to advertise and market online, businesses have had to alter their operational models to embrace the new opportunities. Since none can operate without the other, businesses have to create a model that enables the utilization of both avenues to advertise and sell their merchandise both in brick and mortar stores as well as online e-commerce stores.

Speedy Decisions to Encounter a Speedy Lifestyle

The internet has brought with it numerous paid and open source applications, software, platforms and facilities that speed up the pace of decision making in a business. However, these new resources do not provide an opportunity for laxity. This is mainly because of the fast paced lifestyle of the population – of which the business has to match. As such, the business will always seek people who are proactive and think on their toes. Therefore, the business of human resource employment and deployment also have to shift so as to align with the new environmental requirements the business faces.

Scalability and Agility

In the past, once a business made a model, they would probably use that model for decades without a change in their operations. The firm would maintain and possibly grow their profitability and business health. However, this is not possible with the fast paced business and technological cycles taking place nowadays. Which each change of technology, a business will need to alter their primary model in order to have a cutting edge above the competition. This will usually result in a larger user base and more sales, which will translate to profits and better performance for the company in question (Kaplan, 2012).

Beynon-Davies, P. (2013). Business information systems (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Information Resources Management Association. (2010). Enterprise information systems: concepts, methodologies, tools, and applications: Concepts, methodologies, tools and applications. Calgary, AB: IGI.

Kaplan, S. (2012). The business model innovation factory: How to stay relevant when the world is changing. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Kroenke, D. M. (2015). MIS essentials. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Publishers.

Singh, S. R. (2007). Information system management. New Delhi: APH Publishing.


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As nursing takes a dynamic form today, the shifts in population compositions and demographics will force a diversity call in the field. It is better that doctors, nurses, and other medical experts have knowledge of different cultures in the workplace to foster adequate care to the patients as their primary mandate (Phillips, 2014). Proper care should lead to quality results, and happier and satisfied patients. Beard (2014) asserts that different researchers call for cultural diversity in nursing. Thus, it is paramount to explore and understand the significance of diversity in the nursing field. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]

Patients get psychologically well and tend to heal faster when they are cared for by nurses who understand their culture; for instance their language. When a patient and a nurse speak the same language, they become free with each other, opening up and giving the exact information of the situation at hand (Beard, 2014). When giving information, the expression becomes apparent to the nurse.[Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]

Diversity improves patient care. When nurses from different groups come together, they establish strong bonds within the staff bringing diversity in ideas. To the patient, a good way of interaction does not just fix them to the particular culture. Walter and Davis (2013) hypothesize that when they seek care from different places, they find nurses and doctors with knowledge and experience in their culture. Thus, any place will be suitable for their care should every hospital have a diversified nursing staff. On the side of the nurses, it makes it easier to handle transfers to different cultures with little agonizing energy.

Finally, diversity can be achieved in different ways. It might be acquired naturally or through education in school or nursing programs. It should be upon medical regulatory bodies to have policies which will ensure there are ways of ensuring people are acquainted with the knowledge of diverse cultures and environments for future success. If ignored, the nursing field will become boring and limited in quality service (Beard, 2014)[Click Essay Writer to order your essay]

Beard, K. V. (2014). How much diversity in nursing is enoughThe American journal of nursing114(9), 11.

Phillips, J. M. (2014). Increasing racial/ethnic diversity in nursing to reduce health disparities                   and achieve health equity. Public health reports129(2), 45-50.

Walter, S., & Davis, C. (2013). Promoting diversity in nursing. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy1(2),