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Vladimir Bekhterev is called the father of objective psychology and is known for his participation in developing the first research into the hippocampus and its role in memory. He studied reflexes and the Bekhterev’s disease. In this essay, I will discuss the importance of Bekhterev and his take on Joseph Stalin. These men had influence over each other’s lives and, in the end, Stalin marinated Behterev’s brains. [“Write my essay for me?” Get help here.]
The importance of Bekhterev in psychology cannot be understated. But while the man flourished during his adult years, he suffered from a difficult childhood. He was able to transcend the boundaries that appeared to be set before him dur to a poor life. His father was a low-ranking Russian government official who died at a young age. While this caused much difficulty for the familiy, Bekhterev managed to get enroled at Vyataka gymnasium in 1867. This was one of the oldest schools in Russia. He managed to fund his way through the Mediosurgical Academy, where he developed an interest in physchiatry and neuropathology.
After spending some time in the war between the Ottoman Empire and Russia in the late 1870s, Bekhterev worked In St. Petersburg at the Phychiatric Clinin. It was here that he started to study physiology and anatomy of the brain. This is the area where he is most noted for his contributions to the science. He started to publish his research in 1880. He focused one of his early works on Russian social issues. During these studies, he looked into the various individual characteristics of Votyaks, which is a group of people who are under the rule of Russia and they live in the Udmurt Republic. This is located between the Vyatka and Kama rivers.
In 1881, he defended his doctoral thesis, which was called “Clinical studies of termperature in some forms of metnal disorders.” After completing this, he received a doctorate for his studies at the Mediocosurgical Academy of St. Petersburg. After receiving this designation, he was given the title of private docent, which is also defined as an associate professor. During this position, he was a lecturer who focused on the diagnostics of the nervous diseases.
Bekhterev was a major contributor to neurology. He conducted many research projects that helped people to understand the brain. Much of the information that he provided has led too much of the current information that people have about the brain. Various aspects of his research was contained in the work “The Conduction Paths in the Brain and Spinal Cord,” which was written in 1882. Two years later, Bekhterev published 58 scientific work, which focused on the various functions of the brain. He worked with many famed people who contributed to the field of science. [Need an essay writing service? Find help here.]
As the reader has now seen, Bekhterev was a very important person in the field of psychology, but perhaps even more interesting than his research, is the man’s connection with Stalin. While there is some debate about whether Stalin is actually responsible for Bekhterev’s death, it is certain that he asked Bekhterev to recover his arm. Two days after the request, Bekhterev was found dead. People speculate that Bekhterev was poisoned by Stalin after the dictator sought revenge for the diagnoses.
The relationship between the two men began when Stalin requested medical help for his insomnia, severe anxiety disorder and anger. Bekhterev diagnosed him with a typical clinical form of paranoia in 1927. “Clinical paranoia explains ruthless killings of millions and brutal treatment of his own wives and children,” (Fitzpatrick, 2013). Bekhterev was recruited by Stalin because he was a well-respected doctor who could be taken for his word when making a diagnoses. < Click Essay Writer to order your essay >
Stalin allegedly had his henchman kill Bekhterev on Dec. 24, 1927. In the days leading up to the murder, Bekhterev was very busy. He had arrived in Moscow from Leningrad on December 21. During the following day, he had reported on the collective treatment suggestions and the hypnosis patients who had addictions, and he was particularly focusing on alcoholism and a variety of types of neuroses. On the following day, he was the supervisor of the Congress that was devoted to epilepsy. He visited on the same day a laboratory of the morphology located in the central nervous system. Congress was expecting the report during the following morning, on December 23, but Bekhterev didn’t appear at the scheduled time. People had said he was examining “Sukhorukoi paranoid.” People assumed that it was Stalin who had been diagnosed paranoid. Those who heard were afraid that such a diagnoses would offend the dictator. “It is possible that a quarter of an hour of careless phrase Bekhterev learned the KGB and then, of course, it was transferred to Secretary General,” (Did Stalin, 2010).
However, there are those who say Bekhterev felt sick after attending the theatre, where cake and tea was served. He was told to stay in bed due to the stomach pain he was feeling. By the evening of that night, he was feeling worse, before eventually dying. It was reported that after his death, the body was sent directly to be cremated. Some have said that his death could not have been murder, because it would have been too difficult for Stalin to plan a murder in one day. After Bekhterev died, his legacy was suppressed. “In the normal course of events his name would have been as well-known as that of Freud, Pavlov or, more lately, B.F. Skinner,” (Marxism, 2009).
“Did Stalin Bekhterev his revenge for ‘Sukhorukoi paranoid?” (2010). Thematic Catalog of
Fitzpatrick, S. (2013, March 5). The dictator and the composer. The University of Sydney.
“Marxism-Thaxis Soviet Cultural Psychology. University of Utah.